W1 Written Assignment.docx - Chapter 1 page 21 questions 3...

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Chapter 1, page 21, questions 3 & 4. 3. Define proof beyond a reasonable doubt. What must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt in a criminal trial? According to Black’s Law Dictionary (2009), beyond a reasonable doubt is proof that stops hypothesis except the hypothesis of the law. For example, no other hypothesis can be made to prove that the defendant committed the crime. 4. In a criminal trial, who is the trier of the law, who is the trier of the facts, and what are their respective roles? The trier of the law is the judge & determines the certain laws that are applicable to the certain case. The trier of the facts is the jury & determines which evidence is admissible in the trial. Chapter 2, page 49, questions 4 & 7. 4. How do geographical jurisdiction and the statute of limitations restrict the authority of the courts in your state? According to courts.ca.gov, in California one must establish whether there is a “personal jurisdiction” which are cases that a person is being sued by a business/organization or a “subject- matter jurisdiction” where general, limited & exclusive jurisdiction are the subject in the court.

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