SOC 462 Final Study Guide.pdf - Final Examination...

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Final Examination Review (Chapter 6-16) Should we all email her asking if we can use our study guide while we take the final just because it is a lot of stuff she covered? A. Individual’s perceptions and choices about their health and illness behaviors are an aspect and reflection of society. Outline and describe the revised health beliefs model. Using this model and/or the framework of predisposing, enabling, and need conditions, summarize the social demography of health lifestyles, self-care, and preventive/therapeutic medical care utilization. Health Belief Model: developed to study preventative health behaviors (explains why the poor are least likely to use preventative medical care) REVISED : attempts to systematically explain the kinds of motivations and perceptions that lead to health and illness behaviors Social Psychological: taking into account the way social and psychological factors work together motivating behavior Basic Assumptions: The likelihood of a given behavior is influenced by the persons’ belief that a given action will result in some specific outcome that the person values. Attitudes influence behaviors. Individual Perceptions: Susceptibility, seriousness, symptoms Health: belief they are susceptible and would result in severe implications Illness: recognition of symptoms and definition of symptoms as illness are culture Modifying Factors: Socio-Demographic- age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic standing Socio Psychological- Personality, reference groups Socio Cultural- knowledge perceived threat/ definition of illness Benefits are the costs. Health/Illness behaviors must be deemed necessary, plausible, worthwhile. highlights the individual’s perception as the critical variable motivating health=related behavior Predisposing Conditions: incline people to act certain ways Enabling Conditions : insurance, socio-economic standing, etc Needs: activate response
Healthy lifestyles are more common in industrialized societies Social Demography: (7) 1. 7-8 hours of sleep a night 2. Eating breakfast everyday 3. Seldom if ever eating snacks 4. Controlling one’s weight 5. Exercising 6. Limiting alcohol consumption 7. Never having smoked cigarettes There are structural variables like class circumstances, age, gender, race/ethnicity, collectives, and living conditions. Socialization experiences, life choices (agency), interplay with life chances (structure). Self-Care Promotion includes: 1. Shift in disease from acute to chronic illness and the accompanying need to care for symptoms that cannot be cured 2. Dissatisfaction with medical care because it is depersonalized 3. Recognition of the limits of modern medicine 4. Increasing awareness of alternative healing 5. Heightened consciousness of the effects of lifestyles on health 6. A desire to be in control of one’s own health when feasible Preventive Care Medical Care Utilization= non-self-directed care, managed by some type of formalized practitioner Health Care Utilization=

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