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chapter2.outline - PSYC 101 Chapter II Outline I....

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PSYC 101 Chapter II Outline I. Biological Foundations of Behavior a. Structure of a Neuron i. Soma – cell body ii. Axon – carries messages away from the cell body toward other  neurons iii. Terminal buttons – swellings at the tips of axons from which  neurotransmitters are dispatched into the synapse iv. Dendrites – project from the soma that receive neural messages  from neighboring neurons b. How Neurons communicate i. Resting potential ii. Depolarization iii. Action potential c. Neurotransmitters i. Norepinephrine ii. Epinephrine (adrenaline) iii. Serotonin d. Effects of Drugs on the actions of neurotransmitters i. Antagonists ii. Agonists II. The Nervous System a. Parts of the nervous system b. The Central Nervous system c. Anatomy of a spinal reflex i. Knee-jerk ii. Withdrawal d. Organization of the  peripheral nervous system-  the part of the NS that  connects the spinal cord and brain with the sensory organs, muscles, and  glands i. Somatic nervous system -carries information form sensory organs  to the CNS and relay motor commands to muscles ii. Autonomic nervous system -Regulates bodily processes including  heart rate
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iii. Sympathetic nervous system -accelerates bodily processes and  releases the store of energy needed to meet increased physical  demands. iv.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Jogmen during the Fall '08 term at Loyola Chicago.

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chapter2.outline - PSYC 101 Chapter II Outline I....

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