chapter8.outline - I. II. III. Motivation &Emotion What...

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I. What is Motivation-Factors that activate, direct, and sustain goal-directed behaviors a. Motives i. Needs or wants that drive goal-directed behavior ii. Cannot be observed, must be inferred II. Biological Sources of motivation: a. Instinct Theory i. All behavior is motivated by instinct. 1. genetically motivated 2. Problems: a. List of instincts grew too long to be useful b. Instincts label, but don’t explain c. Human behavior is too variable and flexible d. What about the role of culture? b. Drive Theory i. Drive reduction motivates behavior 1. based on homeostasis a. maintain stable, comfortable\, steady rate ii. Types of drives 1. Primary Drives a. Innate drives (hunger, thirst, sexual desire) 2. Secondary Drives a. Drives that are learned or acquired through experience (money) c. Arousal Theory i. Have innate, biologically based need for exploration and activity 1. stimulus motives a. internal state that prompt inquisitive, stimulation- seeking, and exploratory behavior ii. Organisms seek a way to maintain optimal level of arousal 1. optimal level varies from person to person 2. sensation-seeking appears to have a strong genetic component a. sensation seekers (thrill seekers)-always seeking a
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Jogmen during the Fall '08 term at Loyola Chicago.

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chapter8.outline - I. II. III. Motivation &Emotion What...

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