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chapter12.outline - Ch 12 Personality 1 The Psychodynamic...

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Ch 12 Personality 1. The Psychodynamic Perspective a. Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory i. Central Idea: Dynamic struggle within mind between unconscious forces ii. Importance of instincts: 1. Sexual Instinct 2. Aggressive Instinct iii. Must balance conflicting demands of instincts and social acceptability iv. Freud’s level of Consciousness theory 1. Id, Ego, Super Ego a. Id i. Follows the pleasure principle-instant gratification without regard for social rules ii. Only part of consciousness present at birth b. Ego i. Operates according to the reality principle c. Super Ego i. Our Conscience 2. Unconscious, Preconscious, Consciousness v. Defense Mechanisms-protect us from things that make us anxious or feel unsafe 1. Repression-forced forgetting 2. Regression 3. Displacement 4. Denial-failure to recognize a threatening impulse or urge. 5. Reaction formation-doing something that is the exact opposite of what you are feeling to prevent conscious awareness of something you don’t want to be true 6. Rationalization-use of self justification to explain away unacceptable behaviors or ideas 7. Projection-unacceptable impulses or urges you project them onto someone else 8. Sublimation-channeling of unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable behaviors vi. Psychosexual stages of Personality Development-touching erogenous zones to receive pleasure 1. Oral Stage: Birth to 12-18 months a. Erogenous Zone: Mouth 2. Anal stage: 18 months to 3 years a. Erogenous Zone: Anal cavities b. Anal-retentive vs. anal expulsive personality 3. Phallic stage: 3 to 6 years a. Boys
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i. Oedipus complex ii. Castration anxiety b. Girls i. Electra complex ii. Penis envy 4. Latent stage: 6 years to puberty a. Sexual impulses lay dormant at this time 5. Genital stage: Puberty to adulthood a. Incestuous desire are forsaken for more appropriate sexual partners b. Sexual expression through mature sexuality (marriage, making babies, etc) b. Neo-Freudians i. Carl Jung 1. Personal vs. collective unconscious 2. emphasis on now, awareness, pursuit of self-directed goals ii.
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