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Brahman - Hasmi Patel Intro To Asian Religions Sec 04 Nov...

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Hasmi Patel Intro. To Asian Religions Sec. 04 Nov. 30, 2007 Nirguna Brahman vs. Saguna Brahman 1 Hinduism is the world’s third most thriving religion. Spreading across the world like wild-fire, reaching many people, it has many aspects and characteristics. The most prominent feature in Hinduism is the people’s belief in Brahman as the supreme-being. However, two types of Brahman exist; giving people the ability to achieve enlightenment based on his/her perspective of Brahman. Saguna and Nirguna Brahman are the two paths that lead to enlightenment, but both are different in their own ways. Nirguna Brahman, also known as “higher Brahman,” refers to the enlightened being without any attributes (Rambachan 84). It is a concept for those people who can just need faith. Brahman in this path is “formless, attributeless, and actionless” (Rambachan 84). Nirguna Brahman is the reality beyond names and forms. It is the “Pure Being, Pure Consciousness, and Pure Bliss” (Rambachan 112). Nirguna Brahman is the absolute, non-dual Brahman. It is a concept beyond all structure and shape. Saguna Brahman, on the other hand, refers to the enlightened being with attributes. It is also known as “lower Brahman” (Rambachan 84). In this path Brahman can be replaced by an object or form with qualities and characteristics. Saguna Brahman is “thought of as cause, creator, and sustainer of the universe” (Rambachan 112). It gives a face to god in the form of Isvara, Brahman’s ultimate nature. Saguna Brahman deals with the world and finite things. If one follows Saguna Brahman, she/he will have a choice to choose from all the different types of Gods depending on which characteristics he/she wants to praise. There are many characteristics, hence many gods. The three main gods in Hinduism that are a
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Hasmi Patel Intro. To Asian Religions Sec. 04 Nov. 30, 2007 Nirguna Brahman vs. Saguna Brahman 2 result of Saguna Brahman are Brahma (god of creation), Vishnu (god of preservation), and Shiva (god of destruction). All three gods can be further categorized into other characteristics. For example, Lord Vishnu has many other forms such as Lord Krishna, the god of love. They both are the same, but Krishna is just another characteristic of the Vishnu. Therefore, Saguna Brahman gives people, who need more then faith, a face that can relate to almost every characteristic.
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