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Puritan Literature in America
Definition: Group of Protestants who wanted to “purify” the Church of England.Suffered persecution in England.Small group led by William Bradford came to the New World on the Mayflower in 1620. Upon their arrival, they were met with harsh winters and unfamiliar terrain.Established the first printing press, free public grammar schools, and the first American college (otherwise known as The Puritans
Most of humanity “damned” by the sin of Adam and Eve.Predestination– God had already decided, before birth, whether someone would go to heaven or to hellValues: self-reliance, hard-working, moderation, simple living, industrious, sobriety/temperanceHard work resulted in material wealth, which indicated that a person was devoted to God.The Puritans were considered Pilgrims because they viewed their emigration from Puritan Beliefs
Rather undemocratic - felt that the “saintly elect” (in other words, religious leaders) should have had the most influence in politics