Phil201_SocratesEssay - Byrne 1 The Apology and the...

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The  Apology  and the Negative Consequences on Athens Socrates, a man who detached himself from material goods (of both mind and  physical possessions), is widely regarded as the father of western philosophy.  In Plato's  Apology , Plato records the defense Socrates made at his trial. Though the accusations were  politically motivated, Socrates was officially charged with corrupting the youth of Athens  and not recognizing the gods of the state.  In  Apology , Socrates warns the jury: “Be sure that  if you kill the sort of man I say I am, you will not harm me more than yourselves….I am far  from making a defense now on my own behalf, but to prevent you from wrongdoing by  mistreating the gods’ gift to you” 1   Socrates argues that the jury would harm themselves more  than himself in executing him because of Socrates’ “Living Well Argument” (that injustice  damages the souls of the citizens), the belief that he delivers the truth on behalf of the gods,  and he is the expert on democracy. In  Apology , Socrates delivers a series of explicit, uncompromising defenses.  This is  because the original Greek meaning of “apologia” literally meant defense.  Socrates’  underlining belief is that one’s genuine happiness depends on how virtuous their acts are.  Simply put, if a course of action is wrong, then a righteous person should refrain from doing  it and the degree of potential self-advancement is to be disregarded. It follows, then, that  anyone who does anything wrong doesn't really know what the good is.  Socrates believes in 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 201 taught by Professor Maher during the Fall '08 term at Catholic.

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Phil201_SocratesEssay - Byrne 1 The Apology and the...

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