GEOG130 Lecture2_What is a developing country

GEOG130 Lecture2_What is a developing country - What is a...

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What is a Developing Country? Lecture 2 Geog 130
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Announcements Syllabus http://www.geog.umd.edu/homepage/courses/130/Syllabus_spring07_130.htm How to access blackboard? www.elms.umd.edu Know your discussion section and t.a. T.A.: Jennifer Pomeroy and Email: jpomeroy@umd.edu Sec. 0104 and 0105 Darryn Rosenberg Email: drosenb3@umd.edu Sec. 0101-0103; 0106 Sending email to your T.A.’s Please put Geog 130 and Sec. Number Oversubscribe please see Jennifer after class.
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Perspective Perspective I am a citizen, not of Athens or Greece, but of the I am a citizen, not of Athens or Greece, but of the World.” World.” Socrates Socrates There are only two families in the world: the haves There are only two families in the world: the haves and the have nots.” and the have nots.” Cervantes Cervantes We are all citizens of one world, we are all of the We are all citizens of one world, we are all of the same blood… let us but have one end in view, the same blood… let us but have one end in view, the welfare of humanity” welfare of humanity” Comenius Comenius
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Why is the World Divided?
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Which Term Do We Use? “Have-not” “Underdeveloped” “Less-developed” “The other world” “South” “Non Industrialized” “Non-western” “Lazy” “Third World” “Developing”
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Origin of the Term “Third World” First World”: Countries promoting development; or western industrialized community Second World”: Countries opposing development; or communist countries Third World”: Countries that need development; or countries with limited economic development, socioeconomic problems, lack stable political structure, and depend on industrialized countries.
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Emergence of the Third World (1950-1960) How did the term originate? Wolf-Phillips (1979) attributes the first use of term “Third World” to Alfred Sauvry in 1952. The origin of the term was political in nature. Researchers were searching for a “third force” or “third way” as an alternative for Communism and Democracy. The term was used as an alternative to countries who did not want to be identified with Moscow or Washington. Became a term of resistance adopted by newly created countries during the 1950’s such as India, Egypt, and Yugoslavia.
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Emergence of the Third World (1950-1960) How did the meaning of the term changed? The 1960s witnessed a major shift by social scientists
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GEOG130 Lecture2_What is a developing country - What is a...

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