Essay INTD #2.docx - Hajra Manzoor Professor Kazue Takamura...

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Hajra ManzoorProfessor Kazue TakamuraINTD 20015 November 2020The United States Challenges in Development Sustainability during the COVID-19PandemicThe idea of sustainable development is a new concept and process that has slowly been emerging in global policies and governments in order to improve the quality of human lives around the world. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were approved in 2015 by the United Nations, in which the advancement of social, economic and environmental goals is to be met by 2030 (Biermann et al. 2017: 02). However, the recent outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic has posed a serious threat to the SDGs. This is the case for the U.S, the outbreak has led to negative impacts on the economy and social spheres, which are both important partsof the SDGs. Moreover, COVID-19 has highlighted the devastating effects of economic inequalities and a lack of social safety nets that leaves at risk communitiesin the United States to disproportionately take the burden of the economic crisis. A combination of pre-existing social health determinants, healthcare inequalities and economic recession have left the most disadvantaged communities vulnerable to COVID-19 in the US.Exposure to pre-existing social health determinants have magnified the effectof Covid-19 on the lower class and marginalized communities, making them even more vulnerable than ever. Many social determinants of health such as poverty, physical environment, unemployment, working conditions and access to healthcare determines people’s economic and social stability, which are important factors that
play a role in the current COVID-19 pandemic (Bambra et al. 2020:01). For example,low standard working conditions are usually associated with blue collar jobs or low skilled jobs which are at a higher risk of getting health issues such as respiratory, cancer, diabetes, hypertension and anxiety (A Bem et al. 2020:01). Consequently, the long-term exposures to such heath threatening conditions can increase workers chances of being more vulnerable or having a higher risk of being severely affected by COVID-19. In addition, strong links can be made with socioeconomic status and high mortality rates related to Covid-19. Since people with lower paying jobs cannot afford to stay home and live paycheck to paycheck and live in a more crowded

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