GEOG130 Lecture8_Poverty

GEOG130 Lecture8_Poverty - Poverty Lecture 8 Geog 130...

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Poverty Lecture 8 Geog 130
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People Living in Extreme Poverty
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Where is Poverty Concentrated? The numbers of poor are greatest in South Asia, but the proportion of poor people is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa Most of the poor live in rural areas, but urban poverty is growing faster. Women are at a greater risk of poverty: women lack rights to land and other assets. They also have difficulty getting access to credit. They lack adequate employment and economic security in old age. Educational Attainment is lower than men.
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Has the gap between rich and poor increased? 80% of the of the world’s population lives in 20% of the world’s income. What does this mean? However, it is estimated that it would take approximately 100 years of constant growth just to reach current American income levels. Year Ratio 1820 3:1 1913 11:1 1950 35:1 1973 44:1 1992 72:1 2000 86:1
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World Population Living on $2 or less Day Poor Country Pop. < $1 a day (%) Pop. < $2 a day (%) Zambia 84.6 98.1 Guinea Bissau 88.2 96.7 Uganda 69.3 92.2 Niger 61.5 92 Ethiopia 46 89 India 52.5 88.8 Rwanda 45.7 88.7 Nepal 50.3 86.7 Senegal 54 79.6 Kenya 50.2 78.1 Guatemala 53.3 76.8 Honduras 46.9 75.7
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Unequal Distribution of Wealth Poverty is the common denominator in the developing countries. Over half of the world’s population survives on an annual per capita income of $800 or less !!!!!!!!!!!! Poverty levels in Africa has increased from 16% to 32% in the last decade!!!!!!! Haiti USA GDP $400 $37,8700 <15 yrs old/65+ 42%/3% 21%/12% Literacy rate 65% 97% Total Fertility Rate 4.7 2.0 Life Expectancy 52 yrs. 78 yrs
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Malnutrition is a symptom of poverty Today there are 150 million underweight children in the developing world. But the proportion is falling everywhere except Africa. Being underweight, even mildly, increases the risk of death and inhibits mental and physical development. Cycle: The problem perpetuates itself from one generation to the next, because malnourished women are more likely to have low-birth weight babies.
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Central America before Hurricane Mitch Guatemala (1961-1998), Nicaragua (1979-1990), and El Salvador (1979-1992) experienced long civil wars. A widened social gap between the rich and the poor and an
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GEOG130 Lecture8_Poverty - Poverty Lecture 8 Geog 130...

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