GEOG130 Lecture12_Conflict

GEOG130 Lecture12_Conflict - Ethnic Conflict Lecture 12...

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Ethnic Conflict Lecture 12 Geog130
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Outline Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity Causes of Ethnic Conflicts The Cost of Ethnic Conflicts Child Soldiers Case Studies Outlook
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Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity Tribalism : An outdated term that was used by Westerners to refer to groups of indigenous peoples in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Ethnic group : is composed of individuals who generally share a sense of: identity, history, language, culture, geographic location, religious beliefs.
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Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity Ethnic groups: their members are spread across boundaries of many different countries. Ex. Kurds are an ethnic group that has nationalistic aspirations. Kurds live in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and parts of the Soviet Union. Palestine was an ethnic group without a nation. vs. Nationalism : A state of mind in which loyalty is given to the nation to which an individual belongs. Ex. Former soviet Union countries. Most ethnics groups do not seek to form a separate nation. Ex. Tamils of Sri Lanka, want more autonomy within the established boundaries of their country.
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Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity What is ethnicity? Ethnicity : is based on a subjective perception of group membership. What are some characteristics of ethnicity? 1. Ethnicity serves as a rallying points so members can compete for Economic resources, Positions in gov’t, Positions in social and economic institutions, Governments contracts and benefits, Constitutional protections, Social and religious status. 1. Ethnicity provides individuals a sense of solidarity who perceived themselves as part of an ethnic group. 1. An essential component of ethnicity of a strong sense of identity .
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Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity What is identity? Identity : a conception of the self, a selection of physical, psychological, emotional, or social attributes of particular individuals. How you define your identity? Identity is shaped by different Social Cultural Economical Political factors. People may see their identity as defined by some moral or spiritual commitments; Or they may characterize it in terms of nationality , ethnicity , or racial categories.
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Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity What is important about ethnic identity? Identity provides a framework so people can determine their positions on various issues. This means that prejudice or prejudgments is an important part of identity. Identity is about having a sense of belonging to a social group. Ethnic identities often emerge from shared experiences . Ethnicity is used for political reasons . Ethnicity identity is often functions to draw shard distinctions among groups to promote group solidarity .
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