GEOG130 Lecture14_Migration_partII

GEOG130 Lecture14_Migration_partII - MIGRATION Lecture 14...

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MIGRATION Lecture 14 Part II
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Outline Definitions Causes of migration Mexican Migration Case Study Refugees Impact of Migration Gender and Migration Environment and Migration Migration Laws
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Refugees Who is a refugee? Who knows!!!!! In 1952, the United States tried to achieve a consensus for its Convention of the Refugees by defining a refugee as: A person who flees his or her country for reason of fear , or persecution because Race, Religion, Nationality, Membership of a particular social group or political opinion Not this definition does not include economic hardship or armed conflict, both common causes of refugee migrations. However, the same convention recognized Palestine fleeing from strife- ridden Israel as refugees?
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Refugees Source: Rubenstein, 2003
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Refugees Problems associated with refugees? Inconsistency in definition. Individual countries have the right to recognize certain cross-border arrivals as refugees and not others. During the Cold War, the U.S. recognized as refugees persons fleeing from countries in the communist grip. Cuba Haiti China
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Refugees What distinguishes refugees from migrants? 1. Refugees move without any tangible property than they can carry or transport with them. 1. Most refugees make their first “step ” on foot, by bicycle, wagon, or open boat. In other words, the technological factor that facilitates modern migration is non-factor in this case. 1. Refugees move without the official documents that accompany channeled migration. External refugees almost without exception migrate without authorization and often carry little or no identifying papers.
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Destination of Vietnamese Boat People Source: Rubenstein, 2003
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Impact of Migration on Poor Countries? 1. Brain Drain: Most of the concern about the loss of expertise has been focused on Asia, Africa, and Latin America, after many countries gained their independence in the 1960s. How does Brain drain occur? As political instability and economic problems skilled individuals seek to migrate especially, doctors, lawyers, scientists, and engineers, Many students from poor country (former colonies) who where educated in rich countries (colonial powers) never return. Lack or unavailability of proper equipment , research facilities, and a supportive environment influenced many research and scientists to seek support elsewhere. Better economic opportunities attract and maintain highly skilled immigrants. Labor recruitment by develop countries.
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Guest Workers in Europe Source: Rubenstein, 2003 Source: Rubenstein, 2003
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Family Remittances How important are remittances in Latin America? The volume of remittances began increasing in the 1980s.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENES 102 taught by Professor Biegel during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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GEOG130 Lecture14_Migration_partII - MIGRATION Lecture 14...

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