HIST 80 Midterm Study Guide

HIST 80 Midterm Study Guide - HIST 80 Midterm Exam Study...

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HIST 80 Midterm Exam Study Guide Terms and IDs: Oracle Bones: From 1903-1937, Chinese oracle bones were excavated. Bones of deer, oxen, and tortoise among others were found in the cradle of Chinese civilization. It helped the Chinese keep in touch with the spirit world. Confucianism: Confucianism promotes harmony and avoids chaos, as it has moral laws for humans that help tie them to the natural world. The idea that with privilege comes responsibility is ideal. It is employed as the governing principle. Buddhism: Salvation possible through enlightened people and merit can be transferred from person to person. Encourages charity which is social responsibility. Pictograms: China developed this pictographic writing system as a representation of objects through pictures. Combined pictures to create words or ideograms, shifting things in meaning. Ideograms: A combination of pictograms to create words. Shift meaning when words are combined. Qing: The last dynasty. Ruled by ethnic outsiders, the Manchus. Ethnically based on identity, have different construction of self. Ruling based on Confucian legitimacy. Manchus took over and stuck to cultural norms but kept Manchu identity. Tried controlling people through signification. Manchus: Politically unified tribesman (the Jurchen tribe) till 1638 and unified Nurachi between 1559 and 1626. Jurchen: The name of the tribesman that consisted of the Manchus. Nurachi: Nguyen Dynasty: The Nguyen dynasty was the Southern part of a bigger dynasty known as the Le Dynasty. It was ruled by Gia Long who established the capital city in Hue once he overthrew the tay-son brothers and took over all of Vietnam. Gia Long Emperor: The ruler of the Nguyen dynasty whom overthrew the Tay-Son brothers and moved the capital city to Hue. Choson Dynasty: The Choson Dynasty was part of Korean and was based solely on Confucianism. They developed a superficial government placing power on the aristocracy and emphasized confucianizing the country, which they later proved by serving China through Sadae (serving the great).
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Tokugawa: The Tokugawa empire was an empire of Japan that unified all of Japan. They lived in peace for 250 years, internally and externally. Their social structure consisted of gun which was the province of districts in administrative areas which were run by the daimyo who were the feudal lords of said districts. The bakufu unified the gun and daimyo, with the shogun at the top ensuring the proper mechanics of his country. Sinification:
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HIST 80 Midterm Study Guide - HIST 80 Midterm Exam Study...

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