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Unformatted text preview: Caitlin Kelliher Final Exam Section 1 December 10, 2007 Mr. Montano During the fifteenth century in Europe, the Christian church was undergoing an immense change. Beginning at the start of the Renaissance, the population began to see the faults within the seemingly unbreakable system of hierarchy that enabled the church to possess such a high stature in society. Due to this realization, religious upheaval and numerous groups of reformers, both Catholic and Protestant, surfaced. First, the Protestants, with their diverse opinions on how the church should restructure itself, emerged but as the Church observed the religious mayhem now present in Europe; they too, began their own reformation. Unlike, the Protestants they weren’t trying to convert society to a new faith but rather cleanse their own corrupt and worldly system. 1 Both reform groups clearly differed on issues therefore violence between them arose during the sixteenth century. Both the Protestant and Catholic Reformations were successful and they both encountered failure but the Protestants suffered the most due to the Catholic Church rising above their faults and only improving after the reformation period. Although, the Protestants were the first reformers to truly surface, they were also the most diverse in their views. Lutheranism, Calvinism, and a second reformation in England all were considered part of the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther unknowingly sparked the religious reformation as he protested the use of indulgences to absolve people from their sins....
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- Fall '07
- Calvinism, Protestant Reformation, Catholic Reformation