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Unformatted text preview: Ancient Greeks -delain league transformed into Athenian empire-Athens faced with growing hostility-growing tension in the Greek world, hostility between leading powers of greek world-tension between Sparta and Athens-Sparta became champion of democracy-hostility lead to outbreak of pelopenisian wars (Sparta & allies vs. Athenian empire)-two phases in war-Sparta would surround Athenians but they would just close their gates-no real final deliberate battle that would knock one of these two out, came to a truce-Athenians became defenseless by losing their fleet, still Spartans needed help so they went to the Persians-could not play well together, revealed great weakness-weakness exploited one more time-underdeveloped nation Macedonia , transformed into one the of the great nations (army, currency, structure) advanced & powerful kingdom-kingdom that would march south and show it s authority, plan further wars of conquest against Persians-ruler of Macedonia-Phillip I I, decides he wants a trophy wife, wife 1 arrange assassination of husband-wife 1 had a son Alexander-greatest military leaders of the ancient world, had no qualms about throwing himself into a fight-skilled in open pitched battles even with overwhelming odds against him-Tyre-great defenses, no one had been able to take great city by siege, Alexander took city in seven months-alexander defeated persian empire, marched onward to these-encountered elephants-june 323 aalexander died, he was 33-egypt recognized as a god, rulers in ancient Egypt were gods- founded cities wherever he went, imposed new governing elite there, brought greek everywhere he went, spread greek culture-achievements of greek philosophers ,-thales, what is the fundamental underlying principle of the world water-Milesian school of philosophy-change is ult imate reality-Democritus-atomic theory, everything is made of atoms-Pythagorus theory a + b =c, number was key to unlocking secrets of the universe-Sophists advocates of wisdom, question conventional morality, slavery, question t radit ions, greek ethnic prut iy ideas, crit ized everything ex. Liberty- also teachers, taught methods of exam ination and questioning-teahcing without ethical guidelines, accused of...
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