This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: History Notes For Second Test MARCH 18, 2008 China • Core values continually evolve & helps hold Chinese civilization together through all its hardships • Early Chinese history characterized by cyclical pattern of growth & centralization & expansion of china & strong central rulers and then marked by periods of chaos, decline, fragmentation • Break down of one dynasty, emergence of another • Great paradox – some periods of great decline & breakdown marked by some of the most important developments in ancient Chinese history & thought • Waring states period – small regions fighting against ach other • right before emergence of Confucius – ideals in Chinese society, generations and generation look to him for binding teachings for Chinese traditions, culture & values • China – region of great diversity • Geography will influence development of Chinese history – water & mountains, cut itself off, desert in north (Gobi), populated by nomadic folk • despite natural protection offered by deserts – a place of trouble, nomadic northern folk look to south (developments, great farming), north would want to move to south • build great wall to keep foreigners out • nature of China – only a very small region is arable – can be farmed (12%) – shapes development off early Chinese civilization • agriculture foundation of economy/ people congregate in farming lands, most fertile regions – by rivers because they need water for farming • two main rivers – yellow & Yangzi • by 5, 000 B.C.E. till 2,000 two main Neolithic cultures -- Yangshoa & Longshan • agricultural farmers – chestnuts, wheat, cattle, dogs, pigs, sheep, produced pottery • foundations of civilization – traditions in agriculture, irrigation systems, skilled ta pottery, walled...
View Full Document