English Parts of SpeechThere are thousands of words in any language. But not all words have the same job. For example, some words express "action".Other words express a "thing". Otherwords "join" one word to another word.These are the "building blocks" of thelanguage. Think of them like the parts ofa house. When we want to build a house,we use concrete to make the foundations or base. We use bricks to make the walls. We use window frames to make the windows, and door frames to make the doorways. And we use cement to join them all together. Each part of the house has its own job. And whenwe want to build a sentence, we use the different types of word. Each type of word has itsown job.We can categorize English words into 8 basic types or classes. These classes are called "parts of speech".It's quite important to recognize parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand them. It also helps you to construct good sentences.In this lesson, we have an overview of the eight parts of speech, followed by a quiz to check your understanding:Parts of Speech TableParts of Speech ExamplesWords with More than One JobParts of Speech QuizSome grammar books categorize English into9or 10parts of speech. At English Club, we use the traditional categorization of 8parts ofspeech (see Tablefor more details).
Parts of Speech TableThis is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on eachpart of speech.part of speechfunction or "job"example wordsexample sentencesVerbaction or state(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, mustEnglishClub.com isa web site. I likeEnglishClub.com.Nounthing or personpen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, JohnThis is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.Adjectivedescribes a nouna/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interestingMy dog is big. I like bigdogs.Adverbdescribes a verb, adjective or adverbquickly, silently, well, badly, very, reallyMy dog eats quickly. When he is veryhungry, he eats reallyquickly.Pronounreplaces a nounI, you, he, she, someTara is Indian. Sheis beautiful.Prepositionlinks a noun to another wordto, at, after, on, butWe went toschool onMonday.Conjunctionjoins clauses or sentences or wordsand, but, whenI like dogs andI like cats. I like cats anddogs. I like dogs butI don't like cats.Interjectionshort exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentenceoh!, ouch!, hi!, wellOuch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9or 10parts of speech. At EnglishClub.com, we use the traditional categorization of 8parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are:Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech: oLexical Verbs(work, like, run)oAuxiliary Verbs(be, have, must)Determinersmay be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives