English Parts of Speech.docx - English Parts of Speech...

This preview shows page 1 - 5 out of 291 pages.

English Parts of Speech There are thousands of words in any language. But not all words have the same job. For example, some words express "action". Other words express a "thing". Other words "join" one word to another word. These are the "building blocks" of the language. Think of them like the parts of a house. When we want to build a house, we use concrete to make the foundations or base. We use bricks to make the walls. We use window frames to make the windows, and door frames to make the doorways. And we use cement to join them all together. Each part of the house has its own job. And when we want to build a sentence, we use the different types of word. Each type of word has its own job. We can categorize English words into 8 basic types or classes. These classes are called "parts of speech". It's quite important to recognize parts of speech. This helps you to analyze sentences and understand them. It also helps you to construct good sentences. In this lesson, we have an overview of the eight parts of speech, followed by a quiz to check your understanding: Parts of Speech Table Parts of Speech Examples Words with More than One Job Parts of Speech Quiz Some grammar books categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At English Club, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech (see Table for more details).
Parts of Speech Table This is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*. You can find more detail if you click on each part of speech. part of speech function or "job" example words example sentences Verb action or state (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must EnglishClub.com is a web site. I like EnglishClub.com. Noun thing or person pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John This is my dog . He lives in my house . We live in London . Adjective describes a noun a/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interesting My dog is big . I like big dogs. Adverb describes a verb, adjective or adverb quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really My dog eats quickly . When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly. Pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some Tara is Indian. She is beautiful. Preposition links a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but We went to school on Monday. Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats. Interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence oh!, ouch!, hi!, well Ouch ! That hurts! Hi ! How are you? Well , I don't know. * Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At EnglishClub.com, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are: Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech: o Lexical Verbs ( work, like, run ) o Auxiliary Verbs ( be, have, must ) Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives
Parts of Speech Examples »
Verbs What Are Verbs?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture