Name: Khairul Arif Irfan bin KhairudinMatric. No: 262100Rachel Case Study1. Discuss and evaluate Rachel’s actions from the point of:a) utilitarianism b) rights c) justicea)UtilitarianismUtilitarianism is an ethical philosophy that focuses on consequences and decides rightfrom wrong. This is a type of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that for thelargest number, the most ethical choice is the one that will yield the greater benefit.We can see on this case that the company of Rachel has a deal with another companythat produces the chips installed into the company of Rachel’s servers. The businessmodel for this company is to release roughly every six months a new generationserver, meaning that Rachel has a short timeline for performing its quality assurancetests.b)RightsThe definition of rights-based ethics is that there are certain freedoms, both positiveand negative, that all human beings have based solely on being human. Suchprivileges can be either normal or traditional. That is, the natural rights are those thatare moral while those created by humans are normative and represent the values of thecommunity. In this context, she is responsible for the final testing of the servers in hercompany and is part of a team that determines when new items should be deliveredfor sale to distributors.
c)JusticeOn the basis of fair adjudication between competing claims, the concept of justicemay be defined as the moral duty to act. It is linked, as such, to justice, right andequality. For instance, Rachel does not ship a product if the server has any risk of