Lecture 5 Middles Ages to Dawn of Microbiology

Lecture 5 Middles Ages to Dawn of Microbiology - Middles...

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Middles Ages to Dawn of Microbiology as a Science Lecture 5
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War and exploration of the time helped to spread many diseases worldwide Made easier, both inadvertently and purposely, by the introduction of diseases such as smallpox to the Americas Diseases unknown to the Americas: gonorrhea measles mumps scarlet fever (S. pyogenes) smallpox typhus syphilis
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The curious origins of syphilis Some believe that Columbus’ men brought syphilis back from the New World to Europe in 1493 Others feel it was present in Europe for years, but only increased in incidence during the time of Columbus’ explorations Led to the use of wax-covered Linen (sheep intestine) condoms known as “overcoats” Problem!!! They reused them!!! Sufferers made to stay in “pox houses” and as many as 1/3 of the population of Paris may have been infected
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Early measure of control for venereal diseases
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Etiological agent: Treponema pallidum Spirochete=corkscrew shaped bacterium
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Primary syphilis Chancres on hands Secondary syphilis: Symptoms appear and disappear for years Tertiary syphilis: cardiovascular and neurological damage Syphilis: The “Great Imitator”
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Syphilis, cont. The quicksilver cure for syphilis involved immersing patients in vats of hot mercuric sulfide or using mercuric pastes Historical people who probably had syphilis: Columbus Beethoven Hitler Oscar Wilde Nietzsche Napoleon
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Tuberculosis “Greatest killer of all time” We probably first got
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Lecture 5 Middles Ages to Dawn of Microbiology - Middles...

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