Lecture 12 Industrial Strategies

Lecture 12 Industrial Strategies - Industrial Strategies:...

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Industrial Strategies: Vaccines Lecture 12
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Types of immunity   Active  – when developed in individual in response to  stimulus – confers memory.      * Eg 1: immunity to chickenpox after having the               disease (natural)      * Eg 2: vaccinating an individual (artificial)   Passive  – immunity received from another individual by  transfer of blood or antibodies – usually short-lived – no  memory. Eg : mother to baby through breast milk   Natural  – derived through actual exposure and not medical  intervention   Artificial  – derived through medical procedures like  vaccination/immunization
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Types of vaccines  Killed   Live, attenuated  Toxoid  Subunit  Acellular  Recombinant  DNA vaccine Whole cell Microbe parts
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Whole cell vaccines   Killed, inactivated   – by heat/chemicals                                          - dead but still antigenic                                          - immunity stimulated but no                                             multiplication of pathogen
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Lecture 12 Industrial Strategies - Industrial Strategies:...

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