China3 - Song and Yuan Dynasties January 31 February 5,...

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Song and Yuan Dynasties January 31 – February 5, 2007
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Taoism (Daoism) • Lao-Tse (604-531 BC), wrote Tao-te-Ching – Became a deity in 5th century AD • Tao is the way or the path • “Refers to a power which envelops, surrounds, and  flows through all things, living and non-living” • Harmony of opposites (yin, yang) • Goal is to harmonize oneself with the Tao • Practice of wu wei  • All deities are manifestations of the Tao
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• Closely connected to Taoism – Eschews the redemption found in other Mahayana sects  and concentrates on the direct discovery of reality;  understand the universe and the human’s place within it • Meditation coupled with self-reliant work to achieve  enlightenment • Less iconic; meditation overrides imagery • Rejected foreign imagery—instead Chinese, e.g.  Bodhidharma Chan Buddhism
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Song Dynasty (960-1279) • Established after 50 year long Five Dynasties  Period • Northern Song (960-1127) – Capital at Kaifeng • Southern Song (1127-1279) – Capital at Hangzhou
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Dong Yuan, Festival for Evoking Rain , Five Dynasties/Northern Song c. 947-970
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Dong Yuan, Detail:  Festival for Evoking Rain , Five Dynasties/Northern Song,  c. 947-970
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Zhu Ran, Seeking the Tao in the Autumn Mountains Northern Song, c. 960-980
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Fan Kuan, Traveling in Streams and Mountains Northern Song, c. 950-1050
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Guo Xi, Early Spring Northern Song, c.1020-1090
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Xu Daoning,  Fishing in a Mountain Stream Northern Song, 11th century
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Ding ware Northern Song 10th-11th century
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Pillow: Boy with a Lotus Dingware Northern Song, 11th century
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Ru ware Northern Song, 11th century
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Henan Stoneware Northern Song, 12th century
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Vase with Sgrafitto Decoration of  Lotus Bouquet Northern Song, 12th century
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Jun ware Northern Song, 12th century
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Emperor Hui Zong Five-coloured Parakeet on a Branch of Apricot Blossom Northern Song early 12th century
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ART 186 taught by Professor Turner during the Spring '07 term at Miami University.

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China3 - Song and Yuan Dynasties January 31 February 5,...

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