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Lecture 6 - o Music did not specify which instruments...

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Martin Luther (1483-1546) and the Reformation o Catholic priest and monk o Musician-boy traveling singer, played lute and recorder o Disagreed with many catholic practices-95 thesis Oct. 31, 1507 o Labeled a heretic-sentenced to death o Hidden by elector Frederick in Warburg Castle o Translated bible and hymns into the vernacular (German) o Wrote chorales (hymns) Words o Monophonic and a capella o Congregational singing v. professional choir o “A mighty fortress is our God” The Renaissance Mass Palestrina (1525-1594) and the counter-reformation o Began in response to reformation o Council of treat: 1545-1563 o Mass settings too contrapuntal-words are obscured o Palestrina-organist, choirmaster and composer (over 100 masses) o Less virtuosity, more accessibility Renaissance secular music o Amateurs music-making-middle class owned instruments o Women performers o Instrumental music-for dancing o Songs named after dances, saltarello, galliard, allemande o Lute Instrumental dance music
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Unformatted text preview: o Music did not specify which instruments should be played o Some instruments-shawn (oboe), sackbut (trombone), tabor (tambourine) o Tielman susato (1515-1571)-printer, composer, and instrumentalist o Ronde-round dance, usually performed outside (3 dances by susato) o Embellishments-melodic decorations • English madrigals o Queen Elizabeth and King James o John farmer (c.1750) Dublin to London o 1 set of 4-part madrigals o Fair Phyllis-word painting • Polychoral music o More than one choir o Thomas tallis Spem in Alium-40 parts o 8 choirs-5 voices each I have never put my hope in any other but you • The miracle of the octave o String set in motion vibrates at a certain rate of per second and produces a certain pitch • Major and minor scales o From 1 key to the neighboring key is a half step o A whole step involves 3 keys (skip one in between) or 2 half steps...
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