NOTES TEST 1 - TEST 1 RECONSTRUCTION(1865-1877 I Post Civil...

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TEST 1RECONSTRUCTION (1865-1877)I.Post Civil War SituationCan you leave the union?A. SouthoSouth says yes they can leave the union. South wanted to preserve slavery. The south is destroyed during the war. oThe south was based on farming. Without slaves then the south could not produce an appropriate economy.o70-85% of the south’s men were sent to war. B. NorthoNorth says you cannot leave the union. oNorth wins.oThe northern population was very bitter about the war and mad that the south started it.oThe north’s economy was booming.oThe north is in complete control of the government. The south is no longer there to prevent them from doing the things they want (build ports, raise tariffs).So many people died of disease. II.Post Civil War IssuesA. Political oHow do you get the states back into the United States?oIs the federal government going to still be ruling?oWhat will happen to the southern leaders?B. EconomicaloAll of the south’s money was worth nothing after the war. The south became very poor. The south’s economy is ruined. They can no longer depend on cash crops.C. RacialoHow are they going to control all of the freed slaves?oShould they vote?oWhere will they live?III. Presidential ReconstructionA.Requirements on South1.Lincolns plano10% of the population of any state that left the union makes a pledge to say that the state is back in the union.oThis is all that the states have to do to enter that union.2.Johnsons planoAll white southerners must pledge their allegiance to the United States. oIf you are a plantation owner or leader in the southern military leader you must go directly to the president and asked to be pardoned and become a citizen.oJohnson is leaving it up the states to reconstruct themselves.
oThe only thing that the federal government does it gets rid of slavery and activates the Freedmen’s Bureau. B.White south responseoThe south does not want African Americans to have any type of power.oThey don’t want AA to have citizenship.C.Republicans respondoFreedman’s Bureau School- sets up school and teaches ex-slaves to read and write. o100 thousand works to help 4 million slavesoCivil rights Act- citizens are given equal rights under the law. They put it in the constitution. When put into the constitution it becomes the 14th amendment.D.Johnson and south’s reactionIV. Congressional ReconstructionA.Why shift in powerB.New plan for southoC.Attack on JohnsonoJohnson impeaches the someone in office. And congress tries to kick out Johnson but he stays in office by one single vote. V.Congressional Reconstruction in SouthA.Republican GovernmentsoRepublicans are initially in charge of the southern states.o3 groups in the republican party:African American (core group)Carpet Baggers- White northerners that moved to the south. The southerners thought that they were just going to come to the south and make a lot of money then leave. This group was mostly ex-military, small business men. Lots of economic opportunity: lots

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