Ch 9-Intelligence and Psychological Testing

Ch 9-Intelligence and Psychological Testing - Chapter...

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Theories of Intelligence Intelligence : a concept that refers to individual differences in abilities to: o Acquire knowledge o Think and reason effectively o Deal adaptively with the environment General Principles (Cattell, 1971; Horn, 1985) Crystallized intelligence : ability to apply previously learned knowledge to current problems Fluid intelligence : ability to deal with novel problem-solving situations without any previous knowledge The ability to understand and regulate emotions effectively Five key characteristics: o Knowing your emotions o Managing your feelings o Self motivation o Recognizing others’ emotions o Handling relationships Multiple Intelligence Theory (Howard Gardner) States that intelligence is comprised of abilities in 8 different domains: o Linguistic o Mathematical o Visual-spatial o Musical (the ability to perceive pitch and rhythm) o Bodily-kinesthetic (the ability to control bodily movements and skillfully manipulate objects) o Interpersonal (understanding of others) o Intrapersonal (understanding of ourselves) o Naturalistic (ability to observe carefully) Sternberg’s (1998) Triarchic Theory of Intelligence Three interrelated facets of intelligence o Creative Dimension : The ability to determine what needs to be done, to analyze how best to do it, and to monitor performance o Analytic dimension : the ability to use one’s intelligence to solve a specific problem that had one correct answer o Practical dimension : the ability to apply one’s intelligence in a real-life situation
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Measurement of Intelligence Historical perspective: Sir Francis Galton: o First recognized that genius (or mental acuity) seemed to occur across generations within certain families o Developed physical measures of performance (reaction speed, hand strength, etc.) to try and measure intelligence o Measures of “nervous system efficiency” did not relate to socially relevant
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 111 taught by Professor Dr.terrencedeak during the Fall '07 term at Binghamton.

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Ch 9-Intelligence and Psychological Testing - Chapter...

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