Ch 10-Emotion and Motivation

Ch 10-Emotion and Motivation - Chapter 10-Emotion and...

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Chapter 10-Emotion and Motivation 1 Emotion Emotions are positive or negative affective states o Consist of cognitive, physiological, and behavioral reactions to events that have relevance to our goals o Emotions are responses, while motivators are stimuli to action Adaptive Function of Emotions (Frederickson, 1998) Negative emotions narrow attention, enabling a response to threat through increased physiological activation Positive emotions broaden thinking and behavior, enabling exploration and skill learning Emotions as Social Communication They provide observable information about internal states and influence others’ behavior towards us Emotions: Eliciting Stimuli Biological Factors : we come equipped to respond to stimuli that may have evolutionary significance Learning : previous experiences can affect current emotional experiences The Nature of Emotions: Four common features of emotions Emotions are responses to eliciting stimuli Emotions result from cognitive appraisal of the stimuli Bodies respond physiologically to stimuli Emotions include behavioral tendencies, including expressive behaviors and instrumental behaviors The Appraisal Process Appraisals relate to what we think is desirable or not desirable for us Different appraisal processes cause different people to have different emotional reactions to the same situation Appraisals influence both similar and different emotional experiences cross- culturally Happiness: Psychological Process Downward comparison promotes increased satisfaction, while upward comparison promotes dissatisfaction o Feel Good, Do Good phenomenon : people are more likely to help others when they feel good o Adaptation level principle : our conceptualization of happiness or satisfaction is relative to our previous experiences o Relative deprivation principle : our conceptualization of happiness is not only defined by our past experiences, but also relative to others attainments
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Chapter 10-Emotion and Motivation 2 Physiological Components of Emotions (LeDoux, 1996) Thalamus sends sensory input along two independent neural pathways o One directly to the amygdala emotional and behavioral reaction o One to the cerebral cortex conscious interpretation Evolution and emotional expression Evidence for innate fundamental emotional patterns o The expression of certain emotions is similar across a variety of cultures o Children blind from birth express basic emotions as sighted children do Facial feedback hypothesis Muscular feedback to the brain plays a key role in emotional experience
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 111 taught by Professor Dr.terrencedeak during the Fall '07 term at Binghamton.

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Ch 10-Emotion and Motivation - Chapter 10-Emotion and...

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