PSYC 323 - Unit 1 Notes.docx - Unit 1 Notes u2013...

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Unit 1 Notes – Introduction Developmental Psychology (PSYC 323) Table of Contents // Learning Objectives 3 // NOTES 4 Resilience, Social Policy and Children’s Development 4 Development Processes, Periods and Issues 5 Biological, Cognitive and Socioemotional Processes 5 Periods of Development 6 Age and Cohort Effects 6 Issues in Development 7 Scientific Method 7 Theories of Child Development 9 Psychoanalytic Theories 9 Freudian Stages (Psychosexual Theory) 9 Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory 9 Erikson’s Strategies for Parenting Education and Interacting with Children 10 Cognitive Theories 12 Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory 12 Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Cognitive Theory 12 Information-Processing Theory 13 Behavioural and Social Cognitive Theories 13 Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning 13 Skinner’s Operant Conditioning 13 Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory 14 Ethological Theory 14 Lorenz Ethological Experiment 14 Bowlby’s Ethological Theory of Attachment 14 Ecological Theory 15 Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory 15 Eclectic Theoretical Orientation 16 Research Methods for Collecting Data 17 Data Collection Techniques 17 Observation 17
Survey and Interview 17 Standardized Test 18 Case Study 18 Physiological Measures 18 Research Designs 19 Descriptive Research 19 Correlational Research 19 Experimental Research 19 Independent & Dependent Variables 20 Experimental & Control Groups 20 Time Span of Research 20 Cross-Sectional Approach 20 Longitudinal Approach 20 Research Journals 21 Where is Child Development Research Published? 21 // Chapter 1 Study Tools 22 Theorists & Theories 22 Characteristics of Theorists 22 Theory vs Development Issues 24 Connections of Research Methods and Theories 25 Chapter 1 Vocabulary 26 Chapter 1 Flashcards 29 2
Unit 1 Notes + Questions PSYC 323 – Developmental Psychology // Learning Objectives - identify the basic aspects of biological, cognitive, and socioemotional development; - explain the relevant aspects that characterize the periods of development: prenatal, infancy, early childhood, middle and late childhood; - discuss the major issues in the nature of development: nature and nurture, continuity and discontinuity, early and later experience; - state the basic concepts of child development theories and theorists; - identify the importance and challenges of scientific research methods in child development; and describe the scientific method, including methods, types of designs, and ethics. Reflect + Review • What is scientific research, what is it based on, and why is scientific research on child development important? • What are the main theories of child development? • What are the main research methods for collecting data about children’s development? • What types of research designs do child development researchers use? • What are some research challenges in studying children’s development? 3
// NOTES Roles that play into a child’s development: Health & well-being, parenting, education & sociocultural contexts & diversity (culture, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender) Resilience, Social Policy and Children’s Development

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