Lecture 4 - o Romantic 1820-1900 o Post-romantic and...

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Lecture 4 9/6/07 TA #2 E-mail: [email protected] Tempo-the pace of music o How fase, how show o Getting faster ( acelerando) or slower ( ritardando) o Italian terms-italian domination 1600-1750 o tempo markings gravo -solemn (very, very show) largo -broad (very slow) adagio -quite slow andante -walking pace moderato -moderate allergo -fast (cheerful) vivace -lively presto -very fast o metronome beat-keeping apparatus o dynamics pianissimo-very soft piano-soft mezzo pizo mezzo forte Style and function of music o 2 functions-sacred (religious) and secular o Genre-musical term for category, i.e., jazz, classical, choral o Medium-the group that performs it o Oral transmission-not written down (folk music, some jazz) o Style-distinctive characteristics, i.e., form, melody, harmony, etc. The historical periods o Middle ages (or Medieval): 476-1450 o Renaissance: 1450-1600 o Baroque: 1600-1750 o Rococo: 1725-1775 o Classical: 1750-1825
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Unformatted text preview: o Romantic: 1820-1900 o Post-romantic and impressionist period: 1890-1915 o 20 th century and beyond: 1900-present • The Middle Ages (476-1450) o What remains? Fragments from Babylonia, sumeria, Egypt, Greece o Depictions of instruments and performers o Fall of the Roman Empire in 476 C.E. o Importance of Religion Lecture 4 9/6/07 Rise of monasteries o Neumes o Later middle ages Bubonic plague- ½ population died Quadrivium-music, arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy Crusades (1095) and inquisition (1184) Chivalry o Sacred music in the middle ages Prevailing sacred music was Gregorian chant (plainchant or plainsong) Medieval cloister-vow of poverty, rising at 2:00 or 3:00 am for offices or “canonical hours”-8 daily Mass (most important office)-proper and ordinary Modal music (no “pull” to the tonic)...
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