Lecture 5 - The Importance of Chant Called-Gregorian chant,...

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The Importance of Chant Called-Gregorian chant, plainsong, plainchant, chant Developed out of Judaic tradition Nonmetric-follows the words Used for worship and education 3 types of word setting in chant o Syllabic-1 note for each syllable o Pneumatic-a few notes per syllable o Melismatic-many notes for one syllable Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) o Cloistered German nun o Miracles, prophecies, and visions o Wrote poetry, and often set it to music o Wrote for liturgical purposes-the church cycle of feasts o Alleluia, o virga mediatrix – responsorial, nonmetric, ABA, neumatic and melismatic Rise of Polyphony Called the single most important development in the history of Western Music Helped to bring about the use of regular meters (plainchant is nonmetric) Rise of cathedrals, choirs and organs Guido D’ Arezzo-developed staff (with his hand) Solfege syllables-do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti Organum-the earliest type of polyphony, 2nd voice ran above or below the
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Lecture 5 - The Importance of Chant Called-Gregorian chant,...

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