HST 10102/08/2013Plato is one of the greatest writers in Western Philosophy. He was one of Socrates' fellow students. He was so self-conscious about how philosophy should be conceived, and what its scope and ambitions properly are, that he transformed the intellectual currents with which he grappled, that the subject of philosophy, as it is often conceived—a rigorous and systematic examination of ethical, political, metaphysical, and epistemological issues, armed with a distinctive method—can be called his invention (Kraut, Richard). Book 7 of his book ‘The Republic’ illustrated the effects of education on human behavior and wisdom. Education moves the philosopher through the stages on the divided line, and ultimately brings him to the Form of the Good. The word “apology” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was used in a speech of defense or an answer given in reply (What Is Apologetics?). The Apology was about Socrates attempted to defend himself and his conduct before the jury. Both of the essays shared the same common evidence of the four ways of thinking. In ‘Apology’, the first interview with a person with high reputation for wisdom, and then increase to even higher one, and then to the common subjects such as, poets, dramatic, lyric and all the rest. The last one was the interview with skilled professional individual. On the other hand, book 7 of ‘The Republic’, described a person inside a cave, then experience with the light. He then was forced to the sunlight, and then was back to the cave. Both of these books lead others to think about the truth and reality of knowing, thinking out of the box by going out to seek it rather than just considering it.