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MMW 2 Lecture Notes - 1/07 Classical Archaeology"coral...

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1/07 Classical Archaeology “coral” texts – things that are changing constantly until they have their final draft cardinal - numbers ordinal – 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd BC/ AD BCE/ CE 5768 ACM anno create mundi (year when universe was created) today is 5768 ACM lunar vs solar calendars 1/09 Anthropomorphic – human shaped and human like (male and female, have children, etc.) Mesopotamia – current day Iraq, first civilizations/cities of the world began here. First to come up with gods and build temples for them as well as palaces. Tigris/Euphrates Rivers – run through ancient Mesopotamia Sumerians – southern Mesopotamia, were first large people, did not conquer, whole society was looked upon as better or more worthy Akkadians – related to Biblical Hebrew, assimilated the Sumerian system of writing and gods, created idea of conquering lands and keeping them as provinces Babylonians – took cuneiform and gods Assyrians – conquered northern Israel, King interested in works of literature and ancient texts, syncretism continued Trilingual – a trilingual inscription on a rock was found with three languages (all written in cuneiform though. Assumed that one of them was Old Persian. Cuneiform – wedge shaped writing around 3000 BC Ziggurat – mound shaped hill used to worship god and house the god at times. Sexagesimal – system of counting that is based upon sixty (useful for the calendar) Semitic – language spoken by Akkadians Syncretism – when one people adopts customs of another group to their own Catchline – the first line of the next tablet which is located on the bottom of the tablet Colophon – note written by the scribe describing the circumstances and state of the tablet Pictogram – pictures written to convey words Nudimmud – is the same god as Ea Anunnaki - god Igigi – god and all below are gods Marduk Apsu -Tiamat Anshar Anu Ea (Nudimmud) Marduk Qingu
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Polytheism –advantages: argument of good and evil arise from gods arguing, says why people suffer for no good reason, females are involved, they can easily admit that other gods can exist (other religions are right too) because there are generations of gods, personal feeling of contact between you and your god. Disadvantage: they are weak and offer weak answers on the big answers of life (where did everything come from?), view of the afterlife is bleak and not uplifting. 1/11 Nudimmud Igigi – laborers who do all the work (gods) Anunnaki – leisure class of gods Marduk Apsu-Tiamat (mother and father) – Apsu is of fresh water and Tiamat is salt water. annoyed by their offspring. Apsu is going to kill his children because he cannot sleep and the children of Anu attack him first and kill him Anshar Anu Ea – creates humans with help of mami Marduk – attacks Tiamat in turn of being the big god and creates the universe, puts stars
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