Chinese Writing's Info

Chinese Writing's Info - Title The Oracle-Bones Of Bronze...

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Title Author Time Period/Dynasty Summary The Oracle-Bones Of Bronze Age China David N. Keightley Shang Talks about a sacrifice of the meal to the ancestors and describes the ceremony. It then goes on to describe the divination of the oracle bones and how that ceremony progresses. The result of the fortune is indefinite and the tests continue to tell of whether Father Hsin is of blame or not. The conclusion is that he is not of blame. Late Shang Divination Records Edited by Patricia Buckley Shang These are the many divinations that have been found and contain prophesies about: Sacrifices and Rituals asking what to sacrifice and to whom, Mobilizations and Military Campaigns asking who to make allies with and when and where to attack their enemies, Meteorological Phenomena asking what will happen when certain events occur (ie thunder happening after a sacrifice is made), Agriculture asking whether or not themillet harvest will be good, Sickness asking about what is causing it, Childbirth asking whether or not the birth will be good (a boy), Disasters asking if it will be bad, Settlement asking where, Orders asking who gives them, Tribute Payments telling what happened and who gave them, Divine Assistance or Approval asking for approval of the king’s actions, Requests to Ancestral Powers asking what to sacrifice for their help, The Ten Day Week asking if the next ten days will be good with no harm for them. The Canon of Yao Translated by Clae Waltham 2357-2255 BC Yao is virtuous and an awesome ruler. He commands the brothers Hsi and the brothers Ho to look over the seasons and correct the lunar calendar so that it is in tune with the solar calendar. Round year consists of 366 days. Yao asks who will succeed him, and he says his son is not good enough. The Chief of the four Mountains says to give Kun a chance even though Yao thinks him perverse. Kun is reverent as he is told to and labored for nine years but the work was not accomplished. Then he asks again and the Chief tells him of Shun of Yu, then Yao sends his two daughters to the family of Shun in Yu and he tells them both to be reverent. Li Chi Book of Rites Translated by James Legge 200 BC Chou Dynasty?????? First talks of the different ages and what you are considered at those ages and what is expected of you at those ages. Then goes further to describe the rites in all aspects of Chinese culture which include but are not limited o the following: greeting, parental control and respect, elders and their statuses, conversation, authority figures, laboring, and mourning. A Discussion of Rites Hsun Tzu Translated by Burton Watson Han Dynasty The rites were created by the ancient kings in order to curb human desires and retain order. Rites are a means to satisfaction because rites curb desire and material objects were looked after so as not to fall short of the curbed human desire. If you spend all your time trying to satisfy your desires you will satisfy them and receive the opposite and not follow the rites, but if you follow the rites, then you will satisfy both. Confucians make it possible to satisfy both and the Moists cause him to satisfy neither.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GENERAL ED MMW 1,2; E taught by Professor Vandehey during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Chinese Writing's Info - Title The Oracle-Bones Of Bronze...

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