Discussion Pastoral Society

Discussion Pastoral Society - Live in Great Plains...

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1. How does social evolution take place? What type of history is presented here and how can it be broken down into simpler stages or steps specific to the Ilahita Arapesh? 2. Identify and explain the historical stages and transitions of Ilahita society. 3. Describe mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity within the context of the evolution of the Ilahita society. 4. Identify and describe the changes that came about during the late Tambaran period and explain the four transitions that are listed. 5. What is egalitarianism, as opposed to hierarchy? Considering this in light of the Ilahita which system is more beneficial to the Arapesh society? Keeping Order BaMbuti: kin relationships, ridicule, molimo (cooperation), elima, and austracism Hopi: cross-cutting ties, marriage (outside of lineage) Ongka’s: Big Man society, no power, only persuasion, gift giving Arapesh: men’s cult (tambarah), moieties MBrati : Pastoralists
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Unformatted text preview: Live in Great Plains (America) Ruled by the elders • Their many kinship ties spread their influence largely • They are older so they tend to be less greedy and have the best interest of the people as a whole • They have earned their status as elder so everyone respects them and doesn’t question How to Ensure Survival • organic society • Everyone has a job (hunters, herders, gatherers) • Someone doesn’t contribute: ignore him and take away food • Someone sabotages: removal from tribe • When certain people work together they are rewarded with extra leisure time allocated by the elders • Marriage only outside of the tribe to create tribal ties Religion • Festival of the sheep where we worship Ramses the sheep God when sheep are sick or weather is bad • Consists of dancing where everyone has different role in the festival (women dance, men run in circles, elders chant, children act like the sheep)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course GENERAL ED MMW 1,2; E taught by Professor Vandehey during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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