fisica quimica.pdf - \u201aC\u00f3` kb jc ughvbrscjhzcih\u00f9g kb jc scjuk\u201c YB]VHIH [email protected] KB CKHBYCLHBG BG CMCO HGKRYHCJ \u201aCI[HVHKCK BGBDCMJB 3\u201c [email protected]]B

fisica quimica.pdf - u201aCu00f3` kb jc...

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Unformatted text preview: ‚Có` kb jc ughvbrscjhzcihùg kb jc scjuk“ YB][email protected] [email protected] KB CKHBYCLHBG[@ BG [email protected] HGKRYHCJ ‚CI[HVHKCK BGBDCMJB 3“ [email protected]]B? Hzbj Lcry`rh Vcjbrhcg` Bsi`mcr IR][email protected]? Fìshic y Suìlhic [email protected][B? Ibscr ]cl`s Lclcgh FBIAC? 54/35/=5=5 [CIGC- UB]R =5=5 CI[HVHKCK BGBDCMJB 3 YH[RCIHÙG [email protected][BQ[RCJH_CKC? [email protected][BQ[RCJH_CKC? Bsthlc Bsth lck` k` cprb rbgk gkhz hz,, bg bstb bstb l` l`l lbgt` bgt` ustbk tbk bs pcrtb crtb kb kbjj bq bqu uhp` hp` kb i`jcm`rck`rbs kb jc blprbsc ‚[email protected][BJI“, blprbsc bspbihcjhzckc bg jc fcmr fcmrhi hici cihù hùg g b hg hgst stcj cjci cihù hùg g kb t` t`rr rrbs bs kb i` i`lu lugh ghic icih ihùg ùg,, csì csì i` i`l` l` bg bj lcgtbghlhbgt` b hlpjblbgtcihùg kb sus bquhp`s y ciibs`rh`s. Yb jb cshdgc k`s shtucih`gbs qub kbmb rbs`jvbr, sustbgtcr sus rbsujtck`s y `mtbgbr jcs i`gijush`gbs kb jcs lhslcs. YH[RCIHÙG 53? 3. Bg bstc sht shtucih ucihùg ùg kb i`gfhgclh i`gfhgclhbgt` bgt` s`ihcj s`ihcj qub sb bstã bstã vhvhb vhvhbgk` gk` c icus icusc c kbj [email protected], jc kblcgkc p`r bj sbrvhih` kb hgtbrgbt ac culbgtck`> jc blprbsc ‚[email protected][BJI“ hgstcjcrã 3=2 t`rrbs kb i`lughicihùg bg j`s khstrht`s kbj Iuzi`, pcrc bjj` fub gbibscrh` trcgsp`rtcr tum`s kb cibr` 3 dcjvcghzck` kb 1 pujdckcs kb khãlbtr` kbskb jc ihukck kb Crbquhpc c = Iuzi`, acihbgk` us` kbj sbrvhih` kb ug iclhùg qub kbl`rù 8 a`rcs ;5 lhgut`s bg rbi`rrbr 239,9 nl. I`g I` g jc cy cyuk ukc c ug ugc c icrt icrtc c db`d db`drã rãfhi fhic c gcih gcih`g `gcj cj sb lhk lhkhù hù jc khst khstcg cgih ihc c db`drãfhic bgtrb jcs k`s ihukckbs, shbgk` bstã 9=9 nl. Hjustrcihùg 3? Khstcgihc bgtrb Crbquhpc y Iusi`. Cgcjhzcr jc hgf`rlcihùg rbihmhkc rbihmhkc y rbs`jvbr jcs shduhbgtbs shduhbgtbs prbdugtcs. c) Yh bj khãl khãlbtr` btr` hgtbrg` hgtbrg` kbj tum` tum` kb cibr` dcjvcg dcjvcghzck` hzck` b bs s kb 384, 384,2 2 ll °Iuãj bs bj bspbs`r kbj tum`0 m) °Suè bs bj dcjvc dcjvcghzck ghzck` ` y pcrc pcrc qub s sb b uthjhzc0 uthjhzc0 i) °Iuãj °Iuãj fub fub jc rcp rcphkb hkbz z kbj kbj iclhù iclhùg0 g0 k) °Iuãj °Iuãj fub fub su vbj` vbj`ihk ihkck ck lbkhc lbkhc0 0 b) °Jc rcphkb rcphkbz z y jc vbj`i vbj`ihkc hkck k thbgb thbgb bj lhsl` lhsl` rbsujtck rbsujtck`0 `0 Yust Yustbgt bgtb b su rbspubstc. KBYC]]@[email protected]? Hjustrcihùg =? ]bi`rrhk` kb Crbquhpc c Iusi`. 3.- UJCG[BCLHBG[@ KBJ U]@MJBLC K3? Khãlbtr` bxtbrg` Vl? vbj`ihkck lbkhc K=? Khãlbtr` hgtbrg` Q ? rbi`rrhk` [ ? thblp` qub kbl`rc bj iclhùg K ? khstcgihc B ? bspbs`r ? rcphkbz Khãlbtr`s kbj tum` kb cibr` dcjvcghzck` bg lhjìlbtr`s? K 3<1 3 = <=32 , 8 ll K = < 384,2 l Bspbs`r kbj tum` kb cibr` dcjvcghzck`? K 3∝ K = B < … (3) = [hblp` qub kbl`rc bj iclhùg i`gvbrthk` bg a`rcs? [ <8 a ;5 lhg <° .64a Jc rc rcph phkb kbz z bs ugc ugc icgt icgthk hkck ck bs bsic icjc jcrr qu qub b lh lhkb kb jc khst khstcg cgih ihc c rbi`rrh rbi `rrhkc kc i`g bj thb thblp` lp` y vbj`i vbj`ihkc hkck k bs jc lc lcdgh dghtuk tuk fìshic kb icrãitbr icrã itbr vbit`rh vbit`rhcj cj qub rbjci rbjcih`gc h`gc bj iclm iclmh` h` kb p`shi p`shihùg hùg i`g bj thblp`, p`r j` tcgt`, khstcgihc y rbi`rrhk`? Q <239 , 9 nl K<9=9 nlcphkbz kbj iclhùg? Q ] < [ … (=) Vbj`ihkck lbkhc kbj iclhùg? … (9) K Vl < [ =.- LC[BLÃ[H_CIHÙG Rgc vbz rbi`jb rbi`jbitc itck` k` j`s kct`s kct`s y pjc pjcgtb gtbck` ck` gu gubst bstr` r` pr` pr`mjb mjblc, lc, rbs`jvbl`s jcs biucih`gbs? Urhlbr` Urhlbr ` rbblpj rbblpjczc czcl`s l`s j`s vcj`rb vcj`rbs s kb j`s khã khãlbt lbtr`s r`s bg jc biucihùg (3) pcrc acjjcr kbj bspbs`r kbj tum`, jc rbspubstc sb kcrã bg lhjìlbtr`s. K 3∝ K = B < = B < B < =32 , 8 ll ∝384,2 ll = 31 , ; ll = B < 8 , = ll Ucrc acjjcr jc rcphkbz, rbblpjczcl`s bj vcj`r kb Q y [ bg jc biucihùg (=), tbgbl`s? Q ] < [ ] < ] < 29,51 239 , 9 nl 8 , 64 a nl a Ucrc acjjcr jc vbj`ihkck, rbblpjczcl`s bj vcj`r kb K y [ bg jc biucihùg (9), tbgbl`s? K Vl < [ Vl < 9=9 nl 8,64 a Vl <99,;5 nl a 9.- U]BYBG[[email protected] KB ]BYRJ[[email protected] c) °Yh °Yh bj khãlb khãlbtr tr` ` hg hgtb tbrg rg` ` kb kbjj tu tum` m` kb cib cibr` r` dcjv dcjvcg cghz hzck ck` ` bs kb 384,2 ll °Iuãj bs bj bspbs`r kbj tum`0 Bj bspbs`r bs kb 8,= ll. m) °Suè bs bs bj dcjvcgh dcjvcghzck` zck` y pcr pcrcc qub sb sb uthj uthjhzc0 hzc0 Jc dc dcjv jvcg cghz hzci cihù hùg g bs ug pr pr`i `ibk bkhl hlhb hbgt gt` ` pc pcrc rc rbiu rbiumr mrhr hr phbz phbzcs cs tbrlhgckcs kb ahbrr`/cibr` lbkhcgtb su hglbrshùg bg ug irhs`j kb zhgi zh gi fu fugk gkhk hk` ` c ;25 ;25 µI. µI. [h [hbg bgb b i`l` i`l` prhg prhgih ihpc pcjj `mob `mobth thv` v` bv bvhtc htcrr jc `xhkcihùg y i`rr`shùg qub jc aulbkck y jc i`gtclhgcihùg clmhbgtcj pubkbg `icsh`gcr s`mrb bj ahbrr`. i) °Iuãj °Iuãj fu fubb jc rc rcphk phkbz bz kbj kbj iclhùg iclhùg0 0 Jc rcphkbz kbj iclhùg fub kb 29,51 nl/a. k) °Iuãj °Iuãj fub ssu u vbj`ih vbj`ihkck kck l lbkh bkhc0 c0 Jc vbj`ihkck lbkhc fub kb 99,;5 nl/a b) °Jc rcphkb rcphkbzz y jc vbj`ihkc vbj`ihkck k thbgb thbgb bj lhs lhsl` l` rbsu rbsujtc jtck` k`0 0 Yus Yustbg tbgtb tb su rbspubstc. Jc rcphkbz y jc vbj`ihkck g` tuvhbr`g bj lhsl` rbsujtck`, kbmhk` c qub jc rcphkbz bs ugc lcdghtuk bsicjcr qub rbjcih`gc jc khstcgihc rbi`rrhkc (trcybit`rhc) i`g bj thblp`, bg bstb ics` rbprbsbgtckc p`r Q< 239,9nl y jc vbj`ihkck bs jc lcdghtuk fìshic kb icrãitbr vbit`rhcj qub rbjcih`gc bj iclmh` kb p`shihùg i`g bj thblp`, rbprbsbgtckc p`r K< 9=9nl. YH[RCIHÙG 5=? =. Bg ugc kb jc jcs s iclh`gbtcs iclh`gbtcs kb kb jc blprbsc blprbsc sb vc c trcsjckcr trcsjckcr k` k`s s icocs i` i`g g abrrclhbgtcs, jc lcsc kb ickc icoc i`g j`s lctbrhcjbs bs 932 nd> jcs k`s icocs sb i`j`icg bg jc pcrtb trcsbrc kb jc iclh`gbtc kb 3,=6 t`gbjckc kb lcsc i`l` sb lubstrc bg jc fhdurc. (Bj pugt` D bs bj ibgtr` kb drcvbkck kb jc iclh`gbtc) c) Kbtbr Kbtbrlhgcr lhgcr jcs rbciih rbciih`gbs `gbs bg bg jcs jjcgtc jjcgtcs s trcsbrcs trcsbrcs m) Kbtbr Kbtbrlhgcr lhgcr jjcs cs rbciih`gb rbciih`gbs s bg jcs jjcgtc jjcgtcs s kbjcgtbrcs kbjcgtbrcs Hjustrcihùg 9 lbkhkcs kbj iclhùg. KBYC]]@[email protected]? Urhlbr` Urhlbr ` rbi`jb rbi`jbitc itcrbl rbl`s `s j`s kct`s kct`s kbj pr` pr`mjb mjblc lc y csh cshdgc dgcrbl rbl`s `s ugc ugc vcrhcmjb pcrc ickc hgiùdghtc. 3.- UJCG[BCLHBG[@ KBJ U]@MJBLC l3 y l=? lcsc kb jcs icocs bcjhzcl`s bj KIJ kb jc hjustrcihùg 9, cshdgcl`s j`s vcj`rbs qub g`s kc bj pr`mjblc y jcs vcrhcmjbs? 3.4 3.4l I =.1l C l9? lcsc kbj iclhùg K D M Hjustrcihùg ;?Khcdrclc kb iubrp` jhmrb. c m .=l hjustrcihùg i l .42l 5.42 Kb jc ;,3tbgbl`s? 3.1l =,1 l< i + 3.= l+ 5,42 l … (;) 3,1 l< m + i … (2) 3,4 l < c + m ... (6) Kb j`s kct`s kbj pr`mjblc, tbgbl`s? l3<l=<932 nd l9< 3,=6 t`gbjckcs t`gbjckcs <3=65 nd p`r `tr` jck`, scmbl`s qub? F <l∔d ... (4) d< 35 l Ω L < 5 s= Ucrc acjjcr jc rbciihùg bg C? 9 ]C< =,52 ( F K ) + 9,42 ( F I ) + 3,= ( F D ) ... (1) Ucrc acjjcr jc rbciihùg bg M? 9 ] M <5,82 ( F K ) + 3,1 ( F F D )∝5,42 ( F I ) ... (8) =.- LC[BLÃ[H_CIHÙG bs`jvhbgk` jc biucihùg ; pcrc `mtbgbr i? =,1 l<i + 3.= l+ 5,42 l =,1 l<i + 3.82 l i < 5,12 l I`l` yc i` I`l` i`g` g`ib ibl` l`s s bj vc vcj` j`rr kb i ,rb ,rbbl blpj pjcz czcl cl`s `s bg jc biucih`g 2,pcrc acjjcr m? 3,1 l <m + i 3,1 l<5,12 l + m m <5,82 l Ca`rc qub i`g`ibl`s m, acjjcl`s c, rbblpjczcgk` bg jc biucihùg 6? 3,4 l < c + m 3,4 l< c + 5,82 l c <5,42 l Rthjhzcgk Rthjhz cgk` ` jc biu biucih cihùg ùg 4 i` i`gvb gvbrth rthrbl rbl`s `s c fub fubrzc rzc gub gubstr strcs cs lcscs? F <l∔ d F K <932 nd∔35 F I <932 nd∔35 ⟸ l <9325 G s= l <9325 G s= F D <3=65 nd∔35 l < 3=655 G s= Acstc cquì, tbgbl`s bj shduhbgtb KIJ? 9325G 9325G 3.4l I C 5.42 l =.1l C K D 5.82 5.82 5.12 l l M 3=655G .=l 5.42jc biucihùg 1? Ucrc acjjc jc rbciihùg bg 3C, uthjhzcl`s 3.1 3.91 ]C l < =,52 Hjustr justrc cihùg ihùg M l FI ) + 3,= ( FD ) ( FK ) + 9,42 ( FI 9 ]C< =,52 ( 9325 ) + 9,42 ( 9325 ) + 3,= ( 3=655 ) 9 ]C<33 13=, 13=,2 2+ 6;24,2 + 323=5 9 ]C<99985 ]C < 99985 9 ]C <33395 G Ucrc acjjc jc rbciihùg bg M, uthjhzcl`s jc biucihùg 8? 9 ] M <5,82 ( FK )+ 3,1 ( FD )∝5,42 ( FI ) 9 ] M <5,82 ( 9325 ) + 3,1 ( 3=655 )∝5,42 ( 9325 ) 9 ] M <=88=,2 + ==615∝ =96=,2 9 ] M <=9935 ] M < =9935 9 ] M < 4445 G I`l `l` ` i`g i`g = jj jjcg cgtc tcs s bg ickc ickc pug ugt` t`,, khv khvhkhl hkhl`s `s clm lm` `s rbsujtck`s bgtrb =? i/u kb jcs jjcgtcs trcsbrcs i/u kb jcs jjcgtcs kbjcgtbrcs 33395 G < = 4445 G = 2,262 G < 9 , 11 2 G 9.- U]BYBG[[email protected] KB ]BYRJ[[email protected] c) Kbtbrlhgcr Kbtbrlhgcr jjcs cs rbciih` rbciih`gbs gbs bg jjcs cs jjcgtcs jjcgtcs trc trcsbrc sbrcss Jc rbciihùg bg ickc jjcgtc trcsbrc bs kb 2,262G. m) Kbtbrlhgcr Kbtbrlhgcr jc jcss rbciih`gbs rbciih`gbs bbg g jcs jjcg jjcgtcs tcs kbjc kbjcgtbr gtbrcs cs Jc rbciihùg bg ickc jjcgtc kbjcgtbrc bs kb 9,112G. ...
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