IAFF 190 Notebook

IAFF 190 Notebook - History of Terrorism 5:05:00 PM History...

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History of Terrorism 06/09/2007 17:05:00 History of Terrorism     Evolved with the change of religious and political power o Religion and Politics early on had very close relationship Caesars were seen as Gods, etc. o Peculiar phenomenon that separation takes place o Originates in Judeo-Christian society Jews had different religion than Romans Needed to separate two thoughts to survive Christianity begins in this fashion JC – “Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.  Render unto God the things that are God’s” o By Middle Ages, there was a distinct difference between the King and  the Gods Assassins, thugs, zealots were religious terrorists because  justification was religious, even though they were taking political  action City of God v. City of Man o Thought process began in 12 th  Century AD that tyranicide was ok,  regicide was not, but both are different actions Killing tyrant ok, Killing God-like King not ok o 15 th  century – tyranicide accepted Contract developed between king and subjects If contract observed, he deserved to rule, if not, he did not  deserve to rule o Only religious fanatics would assassinate the leadership if only  religious laws were broken Precursors to Terrorism
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o 1282 – Sicilian revolt against Charles I Sicilian people rise up and slaughter any French man, woman,  or child at the chime of the bells 2,000 French were killed within several hours Justification was that French don’t belong there, Sicily should be  ruled by Sicilians o 1572 – St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre Protestant Reformation causes many wars during 16 th  century Plot by Catharine di Medeci and Catholics to slaughter French  Protestant Huguenots in Paris. Political terror justified on religious grounds by unruly monarchs o Actions continue throughout the 17 th  century and on into the 18 th  century o Series of revolutions claim that social contract becomes much more  important in political reality Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, etc. Could rebel, could have insurgencies, could have “terrorist”  practices in civil realm o The term “Terrorism” first used by Robespierre to describe Reign of  Terror to purge France of the Ancient Regime Terrorists claimed they were terrorists, today this does not  happen If terrorism removes the tyrant, it creates such a social good that  it creates legitimacy for terror Could get rid of tyrant and all associates, not just tyrant o First to turn it into a bad term was Edmund Burke “Practice of terror is illegitimate” Systematic Terror – began during Napoleonic Period
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course IAFF 190 taught by Professor Mcnamara during the Fall '07 term at GWU.

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IAFF 190 Notebook - History of Terrorism 5:05:00 PM History...

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