The Roman Empire | Boundless World History-2.pdf -...

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The Roman WorldThe Roman EmpireBoundless World History
Julius CaesarJulius Caesar was a late Republic statesman and general who waged civil war against theRoman Senate, defeating many patrician conservatives before he declared himself dictator.LEARNING OBJECTIVESExplain the rise of Julius Caesar and his various successesKEY TAKEAWAYSKey PointsIn 60 BCE, Julius Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Gnaeus PompeiusMagnus ( Pompey the Great) formed a political alliance, known as the FirstTriumvirate, that was to dominate Roman politics for several years, thoughtheir populist tactics were opposed by the conservative Senate.IQ Test: What Is Your IQ?Answer 20 questions to 9nOpenAdBrainable IQ Test
Caesar enjoyed great success as commander in the Gallic Wars. Uponconclusion of the wars, he refused to return to Rome as ordered by theSenate, and instead, crossed the Rubicon in 49 BCE with a legion, enteringRoman territory under arms.Caesar fought in a civil war against his old colleague, Pompey, who hadaligned himself with conservative interests in the Senate. Caesar quicklydefeated his rival and many other Senate conservatives who had previouslyopposed him.With most of his enemies gone, Caesar installed himself as dictator inperpetuity. As dictator, he instituted a series of reforms and, most notably,created the Julian calendar.Caesar was assassinated in 44 BCE by his remaining enemies in the Senate,throwing Rome into another period of chaos and civil war.Key Termsdictator: During Caesar’s time, in the late Roman Republic, ruler for life. In theearly Republic, by contrast, a dictator was a general appointed by the Senate,who served temporarily during a national emergency.Julius Caesar: A Roman general, statesman, consul, and author, who played acritical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and therise of the Roman Empire.Pompey: A military and political leader of the late Roman Republic, whorepresented the Roman Senate in a civil war against Julius Caesar.Gaius Julius Caesar was a Roman general, statesman, consul, and notable author of Latinprose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic andthe rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BCE, Caesar, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and GnaeusPompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great) formed a political alliance, known as the FirstTriumvirate, that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Caesar made the initialovertures that led to the informal alliance. An acclaimed military commander who had alsoserved in a variety of political oces, Caesar sought election as consul in 59 BCE, along withtwo other candidates. The election was particularly contentious, with corruption occurring onall sides. Caesar won, as well as conservative Marcus Bibulus, but saw that he could further his
political influence with Crassus and Pompey. Their attempts to amass power through populisttactics were opposed by the conservative ruling class within the Roman Senate, among them

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Term
Spring
Professor
Joseph Maynard
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