Jeremy Bentham- Utilitarianism - Jeremy Bentham, from An...

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Jeremy Bentham, fromAn Intro-duction to the Metaphysics of Mor-als and Legislationand John Stu-art Mill, fromUtilitarianismI. Ethics·Normative Ethics·Practical Ethics·Meta-ethicsII.Utilitarianism·Consequentialism: The rightness of an action isdetermined by the goodness or badness of itsconsequences.·Utilitarianism:
-A form of consequentialismBentham-Principle of utility(Bentham): “[T]hatprinciple which approves or disapprovesof every action whatsoever, according tothe tendency which it appears to have toaugment or diminish the happiness of theparty whose interest is in question: or,what is the same thing in other words, topromote or to oppose that happiness.”(40)-Agent: Must weigh consequences of ac-tions - = One whose actions have moralweight.-Whyhappiness?-How do we measure happiness?·Intensity·
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