Nigeria Briefing Paper

For example bureaucracies staffed by well trained and

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: uence the effective national management of natural resources. For example, bureaucracies staffed by well-trained and adequately compensated professionals can play a meaningful role Nigeria Briefing Paper Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. Available at apcentral.collegeboard.com. 4 in managing these resources, and a vibrant civil society with the legal guarantee of free speech can pressure the government to fairly and effectively use oil export revenue to promote national development. Islam and Democracy Iran’s theocratic order—dominated by Shi'a Islam—is quite different from Islam in Nigeria, which has a substantial, but not overwhelmingly dominant, Muslim community based mostly in the north (and, to a lesser extent, in the western region of the country). The postrevolution government in Iran has implemented Shari'ah law, and there are many Muslims in Nigeria’s north who have a similar goal for their region. In both countries, support for Shari'ah is not unanimous, but this issue certainly has had political implications. A comparison of both countries demonstrates that the impact of Islam (and religion, more generally) on political life can vary substantially across cases, depending on factors such as (but not limited to) demography and history. Nigeria Briefing Paper Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. Available at apcentral.collegeboard.com. 5 General Map of Nigeria Highlighting Major Cities Source: www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/cia03/nigeria_sm03.gif Administrative Map of Nigeria Highlighting State Boundaries Source: http://tinyurl.com/6gqyl Nigeria Briefing Paper Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. Available at apcentral.collegeboard.com. 6 For additional maps of Nigeria, consult: • www.m-w.com/maps/images/maps/nigeria_map.gif • www.geographic.org/maps/nigeria_maps.html Country Overview Topography Southern lowlands comprised of mangrove swamps, deltas, and lagoons merge into central hills and plateaus. There are mountains in the southeast of the country, and flat plains in the north merge into the Sahara Desert. Bordering Countries Nigeria shares borders with Benin to the west (773 km), Cameroon (1,690 km) and Chad (87 km) to the east, Niger (1,496 km) to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean (853 km) to the south. Natural Resources Nigeria has a land area of 923,768 square kilometers, with approximately 30 percent arable land and 12 percent covered by forests and woodlands. Along with a wide array of mineral resources, including limestone, coal, tin, columbite, asbestos, iron ore, gold, silver, lead, and zinc, the country also has natural gas, and it is one of the world’s major producers of petroleum. Climate There are two distinct seasons in the country: the dry season and the rainy season. When moving inland from the coast regions, the duration and intensity of Nigeria Briefing Paper Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. Available at apcentral.collegeboard.com. 7 precipitation decreases. For example, in the southeast region, annual rainfall can reach 400 centimeters, while some parts of the dry, no...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online