Nigeria Briefing Paper

The college board is committed to the principle that

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Unformatted text preview: their AP programs. The College Board is committed to the principle that all students deserve an opportunity to participate in rigorous and academically challenging courses and programs. All students who are willing to accept the challenge of a rigorous academic curriculum should be considered for admission to AP courses. The Board encourages the elimination of barriers that restrict access to AP courses for students from ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic groups that have been traditionally underrepresented in the AP Program. Schools should make every effort to ensure that their AP classes reflect the diversity of their student population. For more information about equity and access in principle and practice, please send an email to apequity@collegeboard.org. Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. College Board, AP Central, APCD, Advanced Placement Program, AP, AP Vertical Teams, Pre-AP, SAT, and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board. Admitted Class Evaluation Service, CollegeEd, Connect to college success, MyRoad, SAT Professional Development, SAT Readiness Program, and Setting the Cornerstones are trademarks owned by the College Entrance Examination Board. PSAT/NMSQT is a trademark of the College Entrance Examination Board and National Merit Scholarship Corporation. Other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Visit College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.com. For further information, visit apcentral.collegeboard.com. Nigeria Briefing Paper Copyright © 2005 by College Board. All rights reserved. Available at apcentral.collegeboard.com. iii Federal Republic of Nigeria Briefing Paper Paul J. Kaiser University of Pennsylvania Preface: Why Study Nigeria? The case of Nigeria provides useful insights into the challenges that face countries throughout the “developing world.” While the sprawling West African country is best known in the popular press for its large oil reserves, the corrupt use of highlevel positions to gain personal wealth (often referred to a prebendalism), and political instability, Nigeria’s experiences are far more complex than these depictions portray. The purpose of this paper is to provide the foundation for understanding Nigeria comparatively, focusing on the following issue areas: maintaining the balance of civil/military relations, managing diversity, transitioning from authoritarian/military rule to democracy, successfully exploiting natural resources for the public good, and determining the role of religion in politics. The Importance of Comparison The countries included in the AP Comparative Government and Politics Exam have some unique characteristics that defy simple comparison, but there are also some commonalities across the cases that deserve attention. The goal of the comparative approach is to identify similar political patterns and processes that facilitate generalizations, and, in some instances, develop theories that provide tentative predictions based...
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