Carl Rogers.docx - Carl Rogers Personality and the...

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Carl RogersPersonality and the Hierarchy of NeedsMaslow is perhaps most well-known for his hierarchy of needs theory, in which heproposes that human beings have certain needs in common and that these needs mustbe met in a certain order. These needs range from the most basic physiological needsfor survival to higher-level self-actualization and transcendence needs. Maslow’shierarchy is most often presented visually as a pyramid, with the largest, mostfundamental physiological needs at the bottom and the smallest, most advanced self-actualization needs at the top. Each layer of the pyramid must be fulfilled before movingup the pyramid to higher needs, and this process is continued throughout the lifespaMaslow’s hierarchy of needs: Abraham Maslow developed a human hierarchy of needs that isconceptualized as a pyramid to represent how people move from one level of needs to another. Firstphysiological needs must be met before safety needs, then the need for love and belonging, then esteem, andfinally self-actualization.Maslow believed that successful fulfillment of each layer of needs was vital in thedevelopment of personality. The highest need for self-actualization represents theachievement of our fullest potential, and those individuals who finally achieved self-actualization were said to represent optimal psychological health and functioning.Maslow stretched the field of psychological study to include fully-functional individuals
instead of only those with psychoses, and he shed a more positive light on personalitypsychology.Characteristics of Self-ActualizersMaslow viewed self-actualizers as the supreme achievers in the human race. Hestudied stand-out individuals in order to better understand what characteristics theypossessed that allowed them to achieve self-actualization. In his research, he found thatmany of these people shared certain personality traits.Most self-actualizers had a great sense of awareness, maintaining a near-constantenjoyment and awe of life. They often describedpeak experiencesduring which theyfelt such an intense degree of satisfaction that they seemed to transcend themselves.They actively engaged in activities that would bring about this feeling of unity andmeaningfulness. Despite this fact, most of these individuals seemed deeply rooted inreality and were active problem-seekers and solvers. They developed a level of

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Term
Fall
Professor
Aaqib nawaz

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