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THE COURTS.pptx - JIL 201: Nigerian Legal System 1 Dr. G....

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JIL 201: Nigerian Legal System 1 Dr. G. A. OlagunjuDr. K. A. OlatoyeMr. M. A. Olatunde(Lecture : C19 – 3)
ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IN NIGERIA: THE COURTS AND COURT PERSONELThe structure of the Nigerian legal system and the types of courts in Nigeria.
The Courts: In the Administration of Justice in NigeriaThe judicial powers of the federation and component states are vested in the courts by the Constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria, 1999 as amended. See S. 6 (1) & (2).S. 6 (5) lists all the courts established by the constitution from paragraph a to i and calls them superior courts of record in Nigeria.The courts are: (a) the Supreme Court (b) the Court of Appeal (c) the Federal High Court (cc) the National Industrial Court of Nigeria (d) the High Court of FCT, Abuja (e) a High Court of a State (f) the Sharia Court of Appeal of FCT, Abuja (g) a Sharia Court of Appeal of a State (h) the Customary Court of Appeal of FCT, Abuja (i) a Customary Court of Appeal of a State.
THE SUPREME COURT (s. 230 CFRN)The Supreme Court is the most powerful court in Nigeria.The Supreme Court is currently located in Abuja and it is only one. It has the highest jurisdiction. (The Apex court).Their decision is law and must be fulfilled.It is constituted of the Chief Justice of Nigeria and a number of justices not exceeding 21.The CJN and other justices of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of the federation on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council (NJC) on the approval of the Senate.The quorum of the court is formed by 5 justices or 7 justices in some instances.To be a supreme court justice, one must be 15 years post call.It has both original and appellate jurisdictions.
COURT OF APPEAL (s. 237 CFRN)Next on the hierarchy of Nigerian courts is the Court of Appeal.The headquarter is in Abuja and it has several branches located in different regions of the country.. It is constituted of a President and a number of justices not less than 49.The President and other justices of the Court of Appeal are appointed by the President of the federation on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council (NJC) and appointment of the president alone requires the approval of the Senate.The quorum of the court is formed by 3 justices or 5 justices in some instances.To be a Court of Appeal justice, one must be 12 years post call.

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Term
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Supreme Court of the United States, Court of Appeal, Sharia

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