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History Terms

History Terms - 1 Jay's Treaty concluded in 1794 between...

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1. Jay’s Treaty - concluded in 1794 between the United States and Great Britain to settle difficulties arising mainly out of violations of the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and to regulate commerce and navigation. 2. Democratic-Republicans - A political party in the United States that was opposed to the Federalist Party and was founded by Thomas Jefferson in 1792 and dissolved in 1828. 3. XYZ Affair - Diplomatic incident between the U.S. and France. Pres. John Adams sent special envoys Elbridge Gerry and John Marshall to France to help Charles C. Pinckney negotiate an agreement to protect U.S. shipping from French privateers. Before the three could meet with Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, they were approached by three of his agents-called X, Y, and Z in diplomatic correspondence to Adams-who suggested a bribe of $250,000 to Talleyrand and a loan of $10 million to France as preconditions for negotiations. Adams rejected the French demands and reported the mission had failed. When he was forced to reveal the correspondence, public outrage was followed by calls for war with France. The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed to restrict potential French sympathizers. The Convention of 1800 ended a period of undeclared naval warfare between the U.S. and France. 4. Liberalism - political theory founded on the natural goodness of humans and the autonomy of the individual and favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority. 5. Nat Turner - Nat Turner was a black preacher who led an 1831 uprising in Southampton County, Virginia in which at least 55 whites were killed by a group of about 50 slaves. Turner was a deeply religious man who claimed to have visions and directives from God. 6. William Lloyd Garrison - American abolitionist leader who founded and published The Liberator , an anti slavery journal. 7. American Anti-Slavery Society - Main activist arm of the U.S. abolition movement, which sought an immediate end to slavery in the country. 8. Compromise of 1850 - Series of measures passed by the U.S. Congress to settle slavery issues and avert secession. The crisis arose in late 1849 when the territory of California asked to be admitted to the Union with a constitution prohibiting slavery. The problem was complicated by the unresolved question of slavery's extension into other areas ceded by Mexico in 1848. In an attempt to satisfy both sides, Sen Henry Clay offered a series of measurements that admitted CA as a free state, and
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left the question of slavery in the new territories up to the local residents. 9. Manifest Destiny - The 19th-century doctrine that the United States had the right and duty to expand throughout the North American continent. 10.
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History Terms - 1 Jay's Treaty concluded in 1794 between...

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