double object pronouns 3

double object pronouns 3 - 1 University of Texas at Austin...

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1 University of Texas at Austin Spanish and Portuguese Department Instructora: Sandra Alexandrino DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS We have already studied the two kinds of object pronouns. They are the "direct" object  pronoun and the "indirect" object pronoun. If you don't remember these well, it would be  a good idea for you to review them before beginning this lesson.  To start, let's review what we mean by the "direct" object. Look at the following sentence  and decide what word is the "direct" object. John sent Mary the letter.  We can see that there are three nouns involved in this sentence. The subject is the noun  that tells us who is doing the action. What is the subject in this sentence?  What is John sending? Is he sending "Mary" or is he sending the letter?  The "direct object" is what we call the thing or person that the verb is doing something  to. In this case, it is obvious that John is sending the letter, not Mary, so the letter is the  "direct object" of this sentence since it tells us what John is sending. The third noun in the sentence is not doing the action, and is not the thing which in this  sentence is being sent. We call this third noun in the sentence the "indirect object". It is  only involved indirectly in the action which is taking place. In this case, John is sending  the letter. Mary isn't sending, and she isn't being sent. However, she is involved in the  event that is taking place. John is sending the letter "to Mary". In most sentences this is  the relationship which the indirect object has to the event that is happening. This isn't  always true however. Look at the next sentence. Mary is fixing John a peanut butter sandwich.  You can see that in this sentence it wouldn't sound right to say, "Mary is fixing a peanut  butter sandwich TO John". It sounds better in this case to say, "Mary is fixing a peanut  butter sandwich FOR John". We can see from this example that the "indirect object"  sometimes can express the idea that something is being done "for" as well as "to"  someone. Did you notice that we express the idea of "to" or "for" without actually using those  words? When we use an "indirect object" in the sentence, it isn't actually necessary to say  1
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2 "to" or "for" to communicate the idea. We understand the true meaning without having to  use those words when we have an "indirect object". Nobody is confused into thinking  that we are actually "sending Mary" (you really didn't think that John was putting stamps 
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