Science and religion article with cover

Science and religion article with cover - Mustafa 1 Mona...

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Mustafa Mona Mustafa Dr. Morrison Science and Religion / Fall 2007 11/3/07 Word count: 1,512 “The Quran, The Cosmos, and the Pursuit of Science” In the words of the great Physicist, Albert Einstein, “ Science without religion is lame, and religion without science is blind.” Although conflict continues to exist between the worlds of science and religion, the idea that they are each completely separate, far removed entities that cannot co-exist is a great misconception. From the 8 th to the 14 th century one religious group devoted itself to the pursuit of science and the improvement of scientific discovery. This group of people, to the surprise of many, was the Muslims and their great Islamic Scholars of old. This interval of time, perceived by many as the “Dark Ages”; a time when science and technology withered away, was a time of great scientific activity in places like the Middle East, North Africa, and Moorish Spain. As Owen Gingerich, professor of Astronomy at Harvard University, states, “While Europe languished in the dark ages, the torch of ancient scholarship had passed into Muslim hands. Islamic scholars kept it alight and from them it passed to Renaissance Europe.” With this, the Islamic faith is one strongly connected to science and discovery. Throughout the Muslim Holy Book, The Quran, God commands his worshippers to think, ponder, and speculate the many miracles of the universe acknowledged within its 114 chapters. This speculation, known as Tafakur, defined by Georgetown University’s Hossein Nasr, as “…intellection, or knowledge, or observation” , is and was a direct command. It was also a great impetus towards the progression of science, especially astronomy, in the intellectual Muslim world. Not only was the pursuit of science, and more specifically astronomy, propelled by this godly rule, It was also propelled to a large 1
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Mustafa extent by Muslims’ desire to ascertain the lunar calendar, and the direction of Mecca in Saudi Arabia for prayer purposes. Because of these practical needs, science became a necessity in the Islamic world. Contrary to popular belief, science and religion were entities that needed one another and coexisted peacefully by working together for the sake of innovation. At the time of the Abbasid Dynasty in Baghdad, around 762 AD, the Muslim Caliphate began to sponsor translations of the major scientific works of antiquity. Under the leadership of Caliph Al- Ma’mun, academies like “The House of Wisdom” flourished. In them Muslim Scholars studied and translated the works of philosophers and scientists
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Science and religion article with cover - Mustafa 1 Mona...

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