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NewsletterRSS FeedsWhat's New|OfficeseTools Home:HospitalScope|Glossary|References|Site Map|CreditsHospital eToolClinical ServicesRadiologyClick on the area for more specific information.Common safety and health topics:TuberculosisErgonomics- Lifting HazardsRadiation ExposureSlips/Trips/FallsBloodborne PathogensWorkplace ViolenceComputer Workstation- ErgonomicsVirtual RealityReview the hazards and then tour the virtual reality room.TuberculosisPotential HazardExposure of radiology staff to patients with tuberculosis during x-ray procedures.Exposure may also occur after radiology procedures are completed, from treatmentrooms not properly ventilated after being occupied with a patient who has TB.Possible SolutionsThe hospital's safety and health plan should address safe handling of TB patients in theradiology area [Enforcement Procedures and Scheduling for Occupational Exposure toTuberculosis. OSHA Directive CPL 2.106, (1996, February 9)] including:Facilities in which TB patients are frequently treated should have an area in theradiology department that is ventilated separately for TB patientsIf this is not possible, TB patients should wear surgical masks and should stay in theradiology suite the minimum amount of time possible, then be returned promptly to theirisolation rooms.Healthcare facilities serving populations that have a high prevalence of TB may need tosupplement the general ventilation or use additional engineering approaches in general-useareas where TB patients are likely to go (e.g., waiting-room areas, emergency departments,and radiology suites). Engineering approaches include:A single-pass, non-recirculating system that exhausts air directly to the outside.A re-circulation system that passes air through HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air)filters before re-circulating it to the general ventilation system.A to Z Index|Newsroom|Contact Us|FAQs|About OSHAOSHAHomeWorkersRegulationsEnforcementData & StatisticsTrainingPublicationsNewsroomSmall BusinessAnti-RetaliationAdministrationCentral SupplyClinical ServicesDietaryEmergencyEngineeringHealthcare WideHazardsHeliportHousekeepingICULaboratoryLaundryPharmacySurgical SuiteExpert SystemsHospital eTool: Clinical Services - Radiology...1 of 510/12/2020, 2:25 pm
Upper Air Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UGVI) may be used in such areas.Signs and Tags:Employees should receive adequate information about the hazards of TB through the use oflabels and signs, as indicated in29 CFR 1910.145, Specifications for Accident PreventionSigns and Tags. The CDC and OSHA recommend that signs should be posted at the entranceto:Isolation rooms or areas, such as radiology examination rooms where procedures orservices are being performed on an individual with suspected or confirmed infectiousTB.The signs could bear a "STOP" sign and the legend "No admittancewithout wearing a type N95 or more protective respirator."

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Radioactive Decay, Radionuclide, Ionizing radiation, Background radiation

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