Shallow lengths or white water rapids between Aswan and
Khartoum where the surface of the water is broken by many
rocks and boulders
Was the frontier town of ancient Egypt, far to the south.
Believed Egypt began there as it was on the border of
Egypt and Nubia, at the first cataract. The Dam was built in
the 1800’s to stop the flooding that made the ancient
Region of land upstream of the first cataract.
Upstream, farther South. Geographically defined by the
region between the Nile delta and the first cataract. Narrow
valley with desert on either side.
Downstream, in the north. Geographically defined by the
Nile Delta-wide fertile area of land.
Red Land/Black Land
Red land was the barren desert on both sides of the Nile.
Black land was the fertile land around the Nile.
Found in 1799. Had three different scripts on it that enabled
hieroglyphics to be deciphered. They were ancient Greek,
Egyptian hieroglyphics and Demotic Script, a relatively
younger ancient Egyptian script. It is now in the British
Jars used in the process of mummification to contain the
organs (excepting the heart) of an embalmed body.
Structure that is thought to be the predecessor of the
Subdivisions and chiefdoms that Upper and Lower Egypt
were divided into before unification.
Conveys the idea that the king controls all of Egypt and of
someone who dominates his enemies.
3 Crowns of Egypt
Before ancient Egypt was unified, the ruler of Upper Egypt
wore a white headdress and the ruler of Lower Egypt wore
a red one. Around 2900 BC the ruler started wearing a
double crown of red and white, combining the two
c. 2680-2134 BC. PYRAMIDS. Characterized by territorial
and divine kingship. Old Kingdom pharaohs used dramatic
settings for their public appearances. Created the first
“pyramid” in this time-Djoser’s step pyramid at Saqqara
designed by the vizier Imhotep. Djoser ruled on earth as the
son of Re, the sun god and changed the burial structure to
represent his new ideology. He ascended the pyramid to
join Re after his death. Imhotep used small armies of
workers from every village to create the pyramid. Pyramid
rose in six steps to over 60 meters with the faces oriented to
the cardinal points. It was surrounded by a wall with a
palace life facade over a mile in perimeter. There was a
court in front of the pyramid which was the setting for royal
appearances complete with ceremonial territorial markers,
a throne platform and a token palace. After Djoser’s death,
a new image of kingship emerged. The ruler became
absorbed into the mystic symbol of the sun and the pharaoh
became the sun god’s representative on earth. Snofru, the
first Fourth Dynasty pharaoh, built three pyramids and
bridged the transition from stepped to true pyramid design.
His son Khufu built the Great Pyramid of Giza in 2528.
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.