comparative politics problem set 2

comparative politics problem set 2 - Brian O'Connell ID:...

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Brian O’Connell ID: 2451575 Problem Set 2 1. Effective Number of Parties = 1/ , Si=% of seats held by party Total seats = 62+43+31+31+20 = 186 1/(62/186)2+(43/186)2+(31/186)2+(31/186)2+(20/186)2 = 4.31 parties 2. Societal divisions and special interests within Switzerland probably result in the large number of parties. Proportional representation with electoral seats means that the seats are assigned based on voting percentages. Switzerland most likely practices this, as Duverger’s Law states that proportional representation systems favor multiparty systems. Switzerland’s districts are also probably relatively sizeable. 3. I would classify Switzerland as a consensus democracy. The high number of parties in Switzerland probably causes a significant fragmentation of power, resulting in high participation from citizens, which increases an individual citizen’s “say” or impact. A majoritarian democracy usually consists of a consolidation of power with only a few parties. 4. G = sqrt.(.5
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comparative politics problem set 2 - Brian O'Connell ID:...

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