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•Warsaw GhettooUprising 1943oAdam Czerniakow was leaderoOne of the first to know about Final Solutionoestablished by general Hans Frank in November 1940olargest ghetto- walled due to a Typhus break outoin General Governmento1.3 square mile areaoRich with cultural and educationaloGermans blew up and murdered Ghetto residents April 19, 1943 stormed in•Lodz GhettooMajor industrial center providing supplies for the German armyoSurvived til August 1944oGerman forces occupied in September 1939oLed by Rumkowski (thought to have been killed)oMake them indispensable saved Jewish lives by only sending some and not resistingo2ndlargest Ghetto Poland•JudenratoJewish CounciloFirst was formed on September 21, 1939oFormed to enforce anti-jewish regulationsoHave 12 members for small communities and up to 24 for larger onesoLiaison between Nazis and local JewsoCollaborators?oLots of suicides •Mordechai Chaim RumkowskioLodz ghettooWas obsessed with himselfoThink he was killed by Jews in AuschwitzoOctober 13, 1939 Germans appointed him leader
oBelieved that “work sets you free”oWorked to establish education systemoHe asked for young children and old and sick people to go with the Germans•Adam CzerniakowoTries to make things as best as he canoServed as Warsaw municipal counciloHead of JudenratoCommitted suicide after having to give the orphans over to the Nazis•Hitler-Stalin PactoAugust 1939oto divide PolandoPoland invadedoSoviet Union and Germany agreed not to attack each other or support others that attacked either of themoHitler never intended on keeping this promisesoDivided eastern and central Europe and they could undertake military invasions without retribution from the other poweroGermans get West and Soviets get East•Operation BarbarossaoJune 22, 1941oMilitaryoRepopulate invaded areas with pure Germans moving eastwardoFailure was a turning point in the German fortuneoGermans captured 3 million Soviet POWs•Generalplan Ostoa secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Eastern Europe.oImplementing it would have necessitated genocide and ethnic cleansing to be undertaken in the Eastern European territories occupied by Germany during World War II. oThe plan, prepared in the years 1939-1942, was part of Adolf Hitler's and the Nazi movement's Lebensraum policy and a fulfilment of the (Drive towards the East) ideology of German expansion to the east, both of them part of the larger plan to establish the New Order.
oFinal plan was drafted in 1940oA grand plan for ethnic cleansingoSupposed to be implemented gradually over a period of 25 to 30 yearsoMassive preparation for German settlement•Einsatzgruppeno12000 men altogetherofollow behind military and kill important Jewsolargest inactions of Final Solutionosend reports of deaths to Heydrich who reported to Himmleromobile killing squadsomass shootingosplit in groups north to south (abcd)•Lvov PogromoWestern Ukraine June and July 1941o4,000 Jews killed in 4 days