Holocaust Review - Warsaw Ghetto o Uprising 1943 o Adam...

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Warsaw Ghetto o Uprising 1943 o Adam Czerniakow was leader o One of the first to know about Final Solution o established by general Hans Frank in November 1940 o largest ghetto- walled due to a Typhus break out o in General Government o 1.3 square mile area o Rich with cultural and educational o Germans blew up and murdered Ghetto residents April 19, 1943 stormed in Lodz Ghetto o Major industrial center providing supplies for the German army o Survived til August 1944 o German forces occupied in September 1939 o Led by Rumkowski (thought to have been killed) o Make them indispensable saved Jewish lives by only sending some and not resisting o 2 nd largest Ghetto Poland Judenrat o Jewish Council o First was formed on September 21, 1939 o Formed to enforce anti-jewish regulations o Have 12 members for small communities and up to 24 for larger ones o Liaison between Nazis and local Jews o Collaborators? o Lots of suicides Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski o Lodz ghetto o Was obsessed with himself o Think he was killed by Jews in Auschwitz o October 13, 1939 Germans appointed him leader
o Believed that “work sets you free” o Worked to establish education system o He asked for young children and old and sick people to go with the Germans Adam Czerniakow o Tries to make things as best as he can o Served as Warsaw municipal council o Head of Judenrat o Committed suicide after having to give the orphans over to the Nazis Hitler-Stalin Pact o August 1939 o to divide Poland o Poland invaded o Soviet Union and Germany agreed not to attack each other or support others that attacked either of them o Hitler never intended on keeping this promises o Divided eastern and central Europe and they could undertake military invasions without retribution from the other power o Germans get West and Soviets get East Operation Barbarossa o June 22, 1941 o Military o Repopulate invaded areas with pure Germans moving eastward o Failure was a turning point in the German fortune o Germans captured 3 million Soviet POWs Generalplan Ost o a secret Nazi German plan for the colonization of Eastern Europe. o Implementing it would have necessitated genocide and ethnic cleansing to be undertaken in the Eastern European territories occupied by Germany during World War II. o The plan, prepared in the years 1939-1942, was part of Adolf Hitler's and the Nazi movement's Lebensraum policy and a fulfilment of the (Drive towards the East) ideology of German expansion to the east, both of them part of the larger plan to establish the New Order.
o Final plan was drafted in 1940 o A grand plan for ethnic cleansing o Supposed to be implemented gradually over a period of 25 to 30 years o Massive preparation for German settlement Einsatzgruppen o 12000 men altogether o follow behind military and kill important Jews o largest inactions of Final Solution o send reports of deaths to Heydrich who reported to Himmler o mobile killing squads o mass shooting o split in groups north to south (abcd) Lvov Pogrom o Western Ukraine June and July 1941 o 4,000 Jews killed in 4 days

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