2-The analysis of knowledge

2-The analysis of knowledge - The analysis of knowledge 14...

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The analysis of knowledge 14 January 2008
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What is our project? We are looking for  necessary  and  sufficient   conditions for knowledge C  is a  necessary  condition for  X  = necessarily,  if  X , then  C C  is a  sufficient  condition for  X  = necessarily,  if  C , then  X
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Examples • If Fido is a dog, then Fido must be an animal  (being an animal is  necessary  for being a dog) • If Fido is a dachshund, then Fido is a dog (being a dachshund is  sufficient  for being a dog)
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What is knowledge? • If something is knowledge, it must be a  belief • If something is knowledge, it must be  true These are  necessary  conditions; are they also  sufficient ?
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How lucky can you get? • Lucky guesses do not count as knowledge • Is luck incompatible with knowledge? • Two kinds of luck: – Luck that one has acquired a good belief – Luck that one’s belief is true • The difference is that the former is  justified
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2-The analysis of knowledge - The analysis of knowledge 14...

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