The Gettier Problem - The Gettier Problem 16 January 2008...

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The Gettier Problem 16 January 2008
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The traditional analysis S knows that  p  if and only if: • It is true that  p • S believes that  p • S’s belief that  p  is justified
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Knowledge and luck • Many philosophers take knowledge to be an  achievement  of some kind • Generally, things that happen by luck are not  achievements – Many exceptions to this, however
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Gettier cases Ten Coins:   • S has very good reasons to think that J will get  the job, and also has very good reasons to  think that J has 10 coins in her pocket • S reasons that the person who will get the job  has 10 coins in her pocket • K gets the job, but also has 10 coins in her  pocket
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What makes it possible? • S’s belief is justified and true, but true by  accident • It is possible to have a justified but false belief  (fallibilism) • Deduction transfers justification • Could we solve the problem by just requiring  more for justification than S has?
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